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10 cấu trúc hữu ích để diễn đạt tương phản trong IELTS Speaking & Writing Task 2

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Một trong những yếu tố quan trọng nhất giúp bạn đạt được band điểm 7.0 IELTS hoặc cao hơn trong IELTS Speaking & Writing là sử dụng kỹ năng ngôn ngữ cấp cao để ngay lập tức gây ấn tượng với người giám định IELTS. Dưới đây là các cấu trúc ngữ pháp hữu ích mà bạn có thể tận dụng tối đa để có được một band điểm 7 hoặc cao hơn trong bài kiểm tra nói và viết. Bởi các giám khảo luôn đề cao sự gắn kết và tính mạch lạc nên chắc chắn đây sẽ là vũ khí ghi điểm cực mạnh.

10 cấu trúc hữu ích để diễn đạt tương phản trong IELTS Speaking & Writing Task 2

1. Although X verb, Y verb

==> Although some people..., I prefer…

Ví dụ:

  • Although X verb, Y verb : Although some people would like to have a lot of children, the cost of raising them has to be considered first.
  • Although some people…., I prefer….: Although some young people consider travelling as the best way to turn into a mature person, I prefer going abroad to study for a tertiary level to broaden my experience which can help me be fully developed in mind.

2. Despite the fact that + clause, X verb

Ví dụ:

  • All in all, despite the fact that there are some interesting programmes, much of the time children spend watching TV would be better spent on other activities.

3. Nevertheless, X verb, Y verb

Ví dụ

  • It is true that more and more factories are being built along this stretch of the river and that a certain amount of waste will inevitably be discharged into the river. Nevertheless, in all the discussions that I have had with these firms’ representatives, I have not found one who does not have a responsible attitude to environmental protection.

4. In spite of Verb-ing/ Noun-phrase, X verb

Ví dụ:

  • In spite of the advantages of living in big cities, people have a proclivity to live in the countryside.

5. Regardless of Noun-phrase, Subject + Verb

Regardless of: không quan tâm hay xen xét

Ví dụ:

  • Regardless of their skin color, background or what their language is, we should treat everyone equally.

6. Albeit Noun Phrase/Clause, S + V

Meaning: = Although: mặc dù

Ví dụ:

  • The good news is that he is back at Tannadice and has resumed his duties, albeit he will not rejoin the board.
  • The sponge was very absorbent, soaking up all the soda, albeit with some effort.

7. Having said that, S +

Meaning: một dấu hiệu rằng họ sẽ nói điều gì trái ngược với điều họ đã nói lúc vừa nãy.

Ví dụ:

  • I suppose many people could argue that my country’s food isn’t healthy. Having said that, there is a new trend now toward vegan or vegetarian food and there is a new restaurant in my neighborhood. I feel great when I eat there!

8. At the same time S + V

Ví dụ:

  • From my perspective, we are gradually moving towards technology for every kid in the classroom. At the same time I know there are a range of school districts who can’t afford that kind of technology.

9. Notwithstanding Noun/the fact that Clause, S + V

Meaning: được sử dụng như cách dùng “despite” (nhưng trang trọng hơn)

Ví dụ:

  • Notwithstanding its profitability /the fact that the factory farming can be profitable, there are major doubts about its morality

10. Much as Clause, S + V

Meaning: Sử dụng khi muốn nhấn mạnh ý nghĩa trái ngược, mạnh hơn so với “although”

Ví dụ:

  • Much as mass tourism is harmful to the environment, it should still be encouraged.

Nguồn: ieltsmaterial

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