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Bài đăng, 17/12/2019
By Evans
TRỌN BỘ 1000+ TỪ VỰNG tiếng Anh chủ đề SỨC KHỎE và BỆNH TẬT thông dụng nhất. Cùng LangGo tự học từ vựng hiệu quả mỗi ngày!
 
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Tìm hiểu thêm:

[Trọn bộ] 300 từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề mô tả ngoại hình - LangGo

[Trọn bộ] 500 từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề địa điểm thành phố - LangGo

[Trọn bộ] 300 từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề gia đình - LangGo

1. Healthy living: Bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề sức khỏe và bệnh tật - Sống khỏe mạnh

 

healthy living; healthy lifestyle; to be in good health; to feel well;
 
balanced diet; nutritious food; to have regular meals; to eat plenty of fruit and vegetables;
 
proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals;
 
to be overweight; to go on a diet; to stay slim;
 
physical fitness; regular exercise; sports;
 
to do morning exercises; to exercise regularly; to play sports; to go in for sports;
 
to feel well; to be in good health; to be physically fit; to be in good shape;
 
healthy environment; clean water; fresh air; to quit smoking; to give up smoking;
 
to sleep well; to have a good sleep; to have / to get a good night's sleep; to have eight hours of sleep;
 
coping with stress; to cope with stress;
 
regular medical checkups; preventing injuries and diseases.
 

2. Human body parts: Bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề sức khỏe và bệnh tật - Bộ phận cơ thể con người

 
body and soul; flesh and blood; skin and bones.
 
Head: Đầu
 
head, skull, brain, face, ears, hair;
 
face, forehead, temples, eyebrows, eyes, cheeks, nose, mouth, lips, chin;
 
eye, eyelid, eyelashes, eye socket (eye orbit), eyeball, pupil, iris, retina, lens, optic nerve;
 
nose, bridge of the nose, nostrils, sinuses;
 
mouth, jaws, teeth, gums, tongue, tip of the tongue, hard palate, soft palate, uvula;
 
tooth, teeth; front teeth, back teeth, upper teeth, lower teeth; molar, premolar, incisor, canine tooth, wisdom tooth, milk tooth;
 
ear, earlobe, middle ear, eardrum.
 
Body: Cơ thể
 
body, neck, chest, stomach, back, buttocks, arms, hands, legs, feet;
 
skeleton, bone, bone marrow, spine, collarbone, breastbone, rib, pelvis;
 
spine / backbone / spinal column / vertebral column; vertebra, vertebrae; coccyx;
 
joint, tendon, ligament, muscle;
 
neck, Adam's apple, nape of the neck, throat, pharynx, larynx, vocal cords;
 
torso, trunk, chest, breast, nipple, diaphragm, abdomen, navel.
 
Limbs: Các chi
 
upper limbs, arm, shoulder, armpit, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand;
 
hand, palm, fingers, thumb, index finger, middle finger, ring finger, little finger, fingernail;
 
lower limbs, leg, hip, thigh, knee, kneecap, calf, shin, ankle, foot;
 
foot, feet, sole, heel, toes, big toe, little toe, toenail.
 
Internal organs: Cơ quan nội tạng
 
circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, urinary tract;
 
heart, lung, trachea, bronchi, esophagus, stomach, gall bladder (gallbladder), liver, small intestine, large intestine, kidney, bladder, spleen;
 
aorta, artery, vein, capillary, blood, lymph, blood vessel, blood circulation;
 
endocrine glands, thyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, lymph glands;
 
reproductive organs, conception, pregnancy, embryo, fetus, childbirth;
 
to be pregnant; to have a baby; to give birth to a male child (to a female child);
 
body fluids / bodily fluids; blood (red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma), lymph; gastric juice, bile, mucus, tears, saliva, sweat, urine.
 
Blood groups / blood types: Các nhóm máu
 
blood group A; blood group B; blood group AB; blood group O;
 
OR: blood type A; blood type B; blood type AB; blood type O;
 
Rh factor (Rhesus factor); Rh-positive blood, Rh-negative blood;
 
Ví dụ minh họa: Peter has type A blood with a positive Rh factor. His blood type is A positive. Mike is Type O negative. He is Rh negative. Anna is type B positive. She is type B+. I am AB negative.
 

3. Diseases and disorders: Bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề sức khỏe và bệnh tật - Bệnh tật và rối loạn

 

disease, malady, ailment, illness, sickness, disorder, health problem;
 
chronic disease, acute disease, serious disease, heart disease, common diseases;
 
infectious disease, contagious disease; communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases;
 
to have a heart disease; to suffer from asthma; to catch an infectious disease;
 
minor disorder, major disorder, nutrition disorder, blood disorders, mental disorders, congenital disorders, hereditary disorders, hormonal disorders;
 
to have a minor kidney disorder; to have a serious genetic disorder;
 
to fall ill; to be ill; to be sick; to be in poor health; to be in bad shape;
 
to have a cold; to catch cold; to come down with a cold; to come down with pneumonia; to go down with a cold (with pneumonia);
 
to have a headache; to have a toothache; to have earache; to have a pain in the stomach; to have chest pains; my left foot hurts; my wrist hurts;
 
to have an allergy to medication (to medicines); to be allergic to pollen (to animal hair; to smoke); to have food allergies;
 
to faint, to lose consciousness; to be unconscious; to regain consciousness;
 
to treat, to cure, to heal; to be on the mend; to recover (from an illness); to get well.
 

4. Specific diseases, disorders, injuries: Bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề sức khỏe và bệnh tật - Bệnh cụ thể, rối loạn, thương tích

 

Skin: Da
 
skin irritation, skin inflammation; redness, tenderness, swelling; rash, dermatitis, itchy skin, itching; acne, pimple, boil; blister, burn, scar, scratch; corn, callus, wart, eczema, psoriasis.
 
Hair: Tóc 
 
dandruff, split ends, thinning hair, hair loss, baldness.
 
Eye: Mắt
 
nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, crossed eyes, conjunctivitis, sty, retinal detachment, cataract, glaucoma, blindness, color-blindness.
 
Ear: Tai
 
wax blockage, hearing loss, earache, ruptured eardrum; otitis, inflammation of the ear.
 
Nose, throat, lungs: Mũi, phổi, ngực
 
nosebleed, runny nose, stuffy nose, rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, hay fever, sinusitis, a cold, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma.
 
Heart and circulation: Tim và lưu thông
 
atherosclerosis, hypertension, high blood pressure, heart disease, coronary heart disease, coronary thrombosis, heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest, congenital heart disease, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis.
 
Blood: Máu
 
anemia, bleeding, internal bleeding, hemorrhage, hemophilia, leukemia.
 
Brain and nervous system: Não và hệ thần kinh
 
headache, migraine, dizziness, giddiness, vertigo, fainting spell, neuralgia, meningitis, epilepsy, convulsions, seizure, stroke, paralysis, cerebral palsy, dementia.
 
Nutrition: Dinh dưỡng
 
vitamin deficiency, mineral deficiency; obesity; to be overweight; weight loss, anorexia, bulimia.
 
Stomach, intestines: Dạ dày, ruột
 
heartburn, indigestion, dyspepsia, upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, gastritis, ulcer, gastroenteritis, colitis, constipation, appendicitis, hemorrhoids, dysentery, cholera.
 
Liver: Gan
 
hepatitis, jaundice, cirrhosis. Gall bladder: gallstones, cholecystitis.
 
Kidneys, urinary bladder: Thận, bàng quan tiết niệu
 
pyelonephritis, kidney stones, cystitis.
 
Bones, joints: Xương, khớp
 
backache / back pain, scoliosis, osteoporosis, arthritis.
 
Muscles: Cơ
 
muscle spasm, muscle cramp, muscular dystrophy, hernia.
 
Injuries: Vết thương
 
injury, wound, trauma; hand injury, knee injury, foot injury, head injury; concussion, contusion; fracture, fractured bone; slipped disc, prolapsed disc; dislocation, sprain, sprained ankle, pulled muscle, bruise; to break one's arm; to have a broken arm.
 
General infections, systemic infections: Nhiễm trùng tổng quát, nhiễm trùng hệ thống
 
the flu (influenza), tuberculosis, tetanus, rabies, yellow fever, typhoid, smallpox, anthrax, leprosy.
 
Infectious diseases (especially in childhood): Bệnh truyền nhiễm (đặc biệt là ở trẻ em) 
 
measles, rubella / German measles, mumps, whooping cough / pertussis, diphtheria, polio, chicken pox, scarlet fever.
 
Infestations, parasites: Ký sinh trùng
 
tapeworm, pinworm, hookworm, roundworm; scabies, lice, fleas, ticks; malaria.
 
Hormonal disorders: Rối loạn hóc môn
 
diabetes; disorders of the pituitary gland; disorders of the thyroid gland.
 
Oncology: Ung thư
 
benign tumor, malignant tumor; cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer, skin cancer.
 
Mental disorders: Rối loạn tâm thần
 
depression, phobia, schizophrenia.
 
Addictions: Nghiện
 
alcohol abuse, alcohol addiction; drug abuse, drug addiction.
 

5. Medical care: Bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề sức khỏe và bệnh tật - Chăm sóc y tế

 
Doctors, medical specialists: Bác sĩ, chuyên gia y tế
 
physician, general practitioner, family doctor; pediatrician;
 
surgeon, neurosurgeon, plastic surgeon, orthopedic surgeon, orthopedist;
 
neurologist, dermatologist, gastroenterologist, urologist, rheumatologist, psychiatrist, oncologist, dentist, dietician;
 
cardiologist (heart specialist); ophthalmologist (eye specialist); otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat specialist);
 
women's doctor, gynecologist, obstetrician;
 
anesthesiologist, radiologist, pharmacist, veterinarian;
 
nurse, paramedic.
 
Medical examinations, tests, operations: Khám sức khỏe, kiểm tra, phẫu thuật
 
to examine, to diagnose, to treat; examination, diagnosis, treatment;
 
physical examination; to be examined by a doctor; to have a checkup; to have a medical;
 
blood test, urine test, X-ray, electrocardiogram;
 
to take a temperature; to take a blood test; to take an X-ray;
 
to measure weight and height; to measure blood pressure;
 
to check the pulse; check your pulse rate; to take the patient's pulse; to count the pulse; to count the heartbeats;
 
vaccination, immunization; medical history;
 
to dress the wound; to put a broken arm in a cast; to give an injection (to give a shot);
 
to check into a hospital; to have an operation; to undergo an operation;
 
to give a blood transfusion; to donate blood; blood donor;
 
tonsils removal, appendix removal, heart surgery, organ transplantation, kidney transplant;
 
plastic surgery, cosmetic surgery, skin graft.
 
Dental care: Chăm sóc răng miệng
 
dental care, toothpaste, toothbrush, mouthwash, dental floss;
 
to wear braces; to have dentures;
 
to have a toothache; to go to the dentist;
 
to have a cavity; to drill the tooth; to fill the cavity; to fill the tooth; to have a tooth filled;
 
to have root canal treatment; to have a tooth capped;
 
to have a tooth pulled; to have a wisdom tooth extracted.
 
Medical instruments: Từ vựng tiếng Anh thiết bị y tế
 
thermometer, eye dropper, nose dropper, hot-water bag, hot-water bottle, heating pad, enema;
 
tongue depressor, stethoscope, syringe, scalpel;
 
bandage, sterile gauze, cotton wool, adhesive plaster, Band-Aid, elastic bandage, tourniquet;
 
ice pack, sling, cast, crutches, stretcher.
 
Medicines: Từ vựng tiếng Anh về thuốc
 
medicine, drug, medication, preparation, medicament, remedy;
 
a cold medicine, a medicine for a cold, cold remedies;
 
to prescribe medication; to give a prescription (for allergy, rash, cough, etc.);
 
to take medicines; to take a pill; to take aspirin;
 
pill, tablet, capsule, powder, drops, syrup, tincture, lotion, spray, ointment, cream;
 
analgesic (analgetic), antacid, antibiotic, tranquillizer, contraceptive, laxative, decongestant;
 
antiseptic, antibacterial spray, rubbing alcohol, iodine; to paint with iodine;
 
medicine chest, medicine cabinet; first-aid kit.
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