Animal World là một chủ đề hay và đề thi dễ ra vào trong thi IELTS reading. Chúng ta cùng luyện đề Reading về chủ đề này để có thêm những kỹ năng giúp cho bạn đạt kết quả cao trong kì thi IELTS sắp tới nhé!
Trong phần luyện đọc ngày hôm nay, chúng ta sẽ đến với 2 bài đọc chủ đề Animal World "Humpback whale breaks migration record" và "The life of the European bee-eater" đồng thời luyện tập lại kỹ năng làm 2 dạng bài quen thuộc trong IELTS Reading là Pick from a list và Sentence Completion.
Trước tiên, IELTS LangGo sẽ nhắc lại một số lưu ý nhỏ khi làm 2 dạng bài này để bạn chú ý khi làm bài:
Dạng bài pick from a list
Dạng bài sentence completion
Humpback whale breaks migration record
A whale surprises researchers with her journey. A lone humpback whale travelled more than 9,800 kilometres from breeding areas in Brazil to those in Madagascar, setting a record for the longest mammal migration ever documented.
Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) are known to have some of the longest migration distances of all mammals, and this huge journey is about 400 kilometres farther than the previous humpback record. The finding was made by Peter Stevick, a biologist at the College of the Atlantic in Bar Harbor, Maine.
The whale’s journey was unusual not only for its length, but also because it travelled across almost 90 degrees of longitude from west to east. Typically, humpbacks move in a north-south direction between cold feeding areas and warm breeding grounds - and the longest journeys which have been recorded until now have been between breeding and feeding sites.
The whale, a female, was first spotted off the coast of Brazil, where researchers photographed its tail fluke and took skin samples for chromosome testing to determine the animal's sex. Two years later, a tourist on a whale-watching boat snapped a photo of the humpback near Madagascar.
To match the two sightings, Stevick’s team used an extensive international catalogue of photographs of the undersides of tail flukes, which have distinctive markings. Researchers routinely compare the markings in each new photograph to those in the archive.
The scientists then estimated the animal’s shortest possible route: an arc skirting the southern tip of South Africa and heading north-east towards Madagascar. The minimum distance is 9,800 kilometres, says Stevick, but this is likely to be an underestimate, because the whale probably took a detour to feed on krill in the Southern Ocean near Antarctica before reaching its destination.
Most humpback-whale researchers focus their efforts on the Northern Hemisphere because the Southern Ocean near the Antarctic is a hostile environment and it is hard to get to, explains Rochelle Constantine, who studies the ecology of humpback whales at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. But, for whales, oceans in the Southern Hemisphere are wider and easier to travel across, says Constantine. Scientists will probably observe more long-distance migrations in the Southern Hemisphere as satellite tracking becomes increasingly common, she adds.
Daniel Palacios, an oceanographer at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, says that the record-breaking journey could indicate that migration patterns are shifting as populations begin to recover from near-extinction and the population increases. But the reasons why the whale did not follow the usual migration routes remain a mystery. She could have been exploring new habitats, or simply have lost her way. 'We generally think of humpback whales as very well studied, but then they surprise us with things like this,’ Palacios says. ‘Undoubtedly there are a lot of things we still don’t know about whale migration.’
What TWO aspects of the whale’s journey surprised researchers?
A the destination
B the direction
C the distance
D the reason
E the season
The passage mentions reasons why whales generally migrate.
What TWO reasons are given?
A to avoid humans
B to be safe
C to eat
D to keep warm
E to produce young
What TWO methods did researchers use to record the identity of the whale near Brazil?
A They analysed part of the whale’s body.
B They marked its tail.
C They made notes of its behaviour.
D They recorded the sounds it made.
E They took a picture.
The passage mentions places the whale may have passed close to on its journey.
Which TWO places may the whale have passed?
D New Zealand
E South Africa
The passage says that more research is done in the Northern Hemisphere.
Which TWO reasons are given for this?
A It contains more whales.
B It has friendlier surroundings.
C There are more samples available.
D It is easier to reach.
E It contains smaller whales.
The passage suggests why the whale made a different journey from usual.
Which TWO reasons does it suggest?
A She did not know where she was going.
B She did not want to breed.
C She wanted to escape a danger.
D She was looking for a new place to live.
E She was recovering from an illness.
Which TWO methods of finding out where whales migrate are mentioned in the passage?
A attaching radio transmitters
B comparing pictures taken in different place
C following them in boats
D placing cameras in key positions
E following their movements from space.
The life of the European bee-eater
A brilliant movement of colour as it catches its food in the air, the European bee-eater moves between three continents.
True to their name, bee-eaters eat bees (though their diet includes just about any flying insect). When the bird catches a bee, it returns to its tree to get rid of the bees poison, which it does very efficiently. It hits the insect's head on one side of the branch, then rubs its body on the other. The rubbing makes its prey harmless.
European bee-eaters (Merops apiaster) form families that breed in the spring and summer across an area that extends from Spain to Kazakhstan. Farmland and river valleys provide huge numbers of insects. Flocks of bee-eaters follow tractors as they work fields. When the birds come upon a beehive, they eat well - a researcher once found a hundred bees in the stomach of a bee-eater near a hive.
European bees pass the winter by sleeping in their hives, which cuts off the bee-eater's main source of food. So, in late summer, bee-eaters begin a long, dangerous journey. Massive flocks from Spain, France and northern Italy cross the Sahara desert to their wintering grounds in West Africa. Bee-eaters from Hungary and other parts of Central and Eastern Europe cross the Mediterranean Sea and Arabian Desert to winter in southern Africa. 'It's an extremely risky stratagem, this migration,' says C. Hilary Fry, a British ornithologist who has studied European bee-eaters for more than 45 years.
'At least 30 percent of the birds will be killed by predators before they make it back to Europe the following spring.'
In April, they return to Europe. Birds build nests by digging tunnels in riverbanks. They work for up to 20 days. By the end of the job, they've moved 15 to 26 pounds of soil - more than 80 times their weight.
The nesting season is a time when families help each other, and sons or uncles help feed their father's or brother's chicks as soon as they come out of their eggs. The helpers benefit, too: parents with helpers can provide more food for chicks to continue the family line.
It's a short, spectacular life. European bee-eaters live for five to six years. The difficulties of migration and avoiding predators along the way affect every bird. Bee-eaters today also find it harder to find food, as there are fewer insects around as a result of pesticides. Breeding sites are also disappearing, as rivers are turned into concrete-walled canals.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
1 Bee-eaters’ prey are bees and other ………………
2 Bee-eaters need to remove the ……………… from bees before eating them.
3 There is plenty of food for bee-eaters on agricultural land and in ………………
4 Bee-eaters migrate to spend the winter in different parts of ………………
5 Because of ………………, almost one-third of bee-eaters do not survive migration.
6 Bee-eaters make nests in ………………, which they build themselves.
7 When nesting, the ……………… receive food from different family members.
8 One problem for bee-eaters is ………………, which have reduced the amount of food available.
1-2. B, C (in either order)
3-4. C, E (in either order)
5-6. A, E (in either order)
7-8. A, E (in either order)
9-10. B, D (in either order)
11-12. A, D (in either order)
13-14. B, E (in either order)
3. river valleys
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