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99 synonyms của các tính từ và động từ phổ biến nhất

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99 synonyms của các tính từ và động từ phổ biến cho bài thi IELTS

99 synonyms của các tính từ và động từ phổ biến cho bài thi IELTS

Bài viết có 4 phần và 2 danh sách những synonyms của tính từ và động từ cực kỳ phổ biến cho bài thi IELTS Writing và Speaking. Không chỉ liệt kê những từ đồng nghĩa, bạn được cung cấp giải thích văn phong phù hợp của từ kèm các câu ví dụ để hiểu cách dùng của từ vựng hơn.

1. Synonyms là gì? Tại sao phải học synonyms?

Synonyms có nghĩa là từ đồng nghĩa. Khi muốn biết synonyms của một từ bất kỳ, các bạn có thể tra từ điển Thesaurus. Tuy nhiên, hãy thật cẩn thận khi học synonyms bởi vì có những từ phù hợp với văn phong của bài nói (informal) nhưng có những từ lại thích hợp cho bài writing (formal) thôi.

Synonyms giúp bạn truyền đạt ý mình muốn theo nhiều cách khác nhau. Sử dụng synonyms là một cách tuyệt vời để thể hiện trình độ từ vựng của bạn và cũng là cách cực kỳ phổ biến dùng để tăng band điểm cho tiêu chí lexical resources của kỹ năng speaking và writing đó.

Ngoài ra paraphrasing cũng là một kỹ năng không thể thiếu để nâng band điểm IELTS nhé! Để hiểu rõ hơn về vấn đề này bạn nên tìm hiểu thêm về cách paraphrase trong IELTS.

Bên cạnh đó, những danh sách synonyms dưới đây đều là những từ giúp tăng band điểm với văn phong trang trọng. Ngoài ra để tăng band điểm Speaking, các bạn có thể học thêm phrasal verbs và idioms bên cạnh những từ vựng dưới đây.

2. Điểm danh Synonyms của các tính từ phổ biến

Trong Tiếng Anh có khá nhiều tính từ có nghĩa tương tự nhau. Dưới đây, LangGo đã tổng hợp cho các bạn Synonyms của những tính từ thông dụng nhất kèm ví dụ cụ thể. Các bạn ghi chép lại và học để nâng cao vốn từ nhé.

Adjectives Synonyms Examples
Bad Negative, detrimental, inferior, inadequate, incorrect, poor, unsatisfactory, harmful, unacceptable, unpleasant, discouraging, terrible
  • Dumping waste exerts a negative effect on the environment
  • Passive smoking can have a detrimental effect on anyone’s health.
Big Sizable, enormous, huge, immense, gigantic, vast, large, sizable, grand, great, tall, substantial, mammoth, astronomical, ample, broad, expansive, spacious, stout, tremendous, titanic, mountainous
  • The mechanic spent an immense amount of time getting the engine into perfect condition.
  • Global warming influences a large number of people living in this area.


Unbelievable, improbable, fantastic, fabulous, incredible, wonderful, astonishing, astounding, extraordinary
  • This extraordinary event is held occasionally by the government.
  • John has already had an incredible moment with his friends in England.


Dreadful, terrible, abominable, bad, poor, unpleasant
  • The dreadful service could decrease the number of visitors booking rooms in the summer.
  • Bad attitude may lead people into trouble on every occasion.


Mad, furious, wrathful, indignant, exasperated, aroused, inflamed
  • He could have been mad to decide to do this risky project.
  • This furious decision could lead us into trouble.


Pleased, contented, satisfied, delighted, elated, joyful, cheerful, ecstatic, jubilant, gay, tickled, gratified, glad, blissful, overjoyed
  • He is pleased to come to New Zealand to study MBA.
  • She is gratified to accept this invitation.
Unhappy Miserable, uncomfortable, heart-broken, unfortunate, downhearted, sorrowful, depressed, gloomy, dismal, discouraged, sad
  • What has led to this miserable state of affairs?
  • He did not know the reason why an unfortunate coincidence happens.


Fascinating, gripping, arresting, enthralling, engaging, attractive, inviting, intriguing, provocative, thought-provoking, challenging, inspiring, titillating, tantalizing, exciting, entertaining, piquant, engrossing, absorbing
  • This challenging sport brings certain benefits to trainees.
  • He had a fascinating idea to support this next project.
Boring Mundane, dull, monotonous, tiresome, humdrum
  • This book is a little bit tiresome to read.
  • Grinding is all well and good, but after a while, the monotonous repetition wears away at your soul.
Lazy Indolent, slothful, idle, inactive, sluggish
  • He lifted his dark face, indolent dark eyes.
  • An inactive FED and low bond yields are effectively buoying the stock market and driving major US indexes to record highs.


Noteworthy, worthy, distinguished, remarkable, grand, considerable, powerful, much, mighty
  • ” To hear people call me a world record holder, it sounds remarkable. “
  • Mr. Deeds became a powerful advocate for Representative Murphy’s mental health bill.
Good Acceptable, adroit, commendable, competent, excellent, exceptional, fabulous, fantastic, favorable, first-class, great, marvelous, proficient, satisfactory, skillful, splendid, stupendous, super, superb, superior, tip-top, valuable, wonderful
  • This immediately fulfilled my need to collect things but was also cheaper, more socially acceptable, and more fun than cardboard.
  • ” The US right now is in a very favorable position.”
Important Chief, critical, crucial, essential, imperative, key, necessary, urgent, weighty, vital
  • She was taken to a local hospital where she was listed in critical but stable condition.
  • That would be nice, but in many ways, it is kind of an imperative.


Attractive, breathtaking, wonderful, picturesque (landscape/view)

Attractive, glowing, gorgeous, good-looking (person)

  • This means that the garden is no breathtaking work of land art.
  • Behold the warrior women power, a sword hidden in a gorgeous dress, and so, so, so many classic Wonder Woman trappings.


Courageous, fearless, dauntless, intrepid, plucky, daring, heroic, valorous, audacious, bold, gallant, valiant, doughty, mettlesome
  • Transgender children and adults are the strongest and most courageous people I have ever met.
  • Glaring into a bottomless mining cycle, the acquisition may seem daring.


Shining, shiny, gleaming, brilliant, sparkling, shimmering, radiant, vivid, colorful, lustrous

Intelligent, knowing, smart, intellectual (person)

  • They were left with vivid memories of him.
  • While healthy competition is an intellectual stimulus, a cutthroat environment is disruptive.


Quiet, peaceful, still, tranquil, mild, serene, smooth, composed, collected, unruffled, level-headed, unexcited, detached, aloof
  • Smaller demonstrations, community policing tactics and the use of officers on bikes all played a role in the largely peaceful outcome.
  • The product lines of Joy and Komatsu are mostly complimentary, which should smooth antitrust concerns.


Powerful, intense, firm, solid, potent
  • She couldn’t predict the intense political climate and debate surrounding Syrian refugees in the US and abroad.
  • She recognizes the risks inherent in the most potent relationship of her life, yet is unwilling to relinquish it.
Weak Frail, feeble, shaky, flimsy, fragile
  • It’s the only known member of the group to have feeble arms with two fingers.
  • My years in public offices have taught me that progress can be fragile.


Perilous, hazardous, risky, uncertain, unsafe
  • The most perilous situation came in the fourth when the Giants loaded the bases with one out.
  • The sequence of events surrounding the collapse remains uncertain.


Savory, delectable, appetizing, luscious, scrumptious, palatable, delightful, enjoyable, toothsome, exquisite
  • The chicken has just the right amount of savory tang, the pickle brine playing nicely against the sweetness of the maple.
  • That doesn’t make it, or her, less political, even if, for her admirers, her presentation is more palatable.


Well-known, renowned, celebrated, famed, eminent, illustrious, distinguished, noted, notorious
  • So far, however, there has been no sign of Knight, the famed Indiana basketball coach.
  • Rabbi is among the most eminent and respected Rabbis in the country.


Quick, rapid, speedy, fleet, hasty, snappy, mercurial, swiftly, rapidly, quickly, snappily, speedily, posthaste, hastily, expeditiously, like a flash
  • For every snappy scene or exchange, there are three or four that feel baggy and haft-written.
  • He sent a hasty, mistake-filled letter to Kent, hoping to lessen the potential damage.


Plump, stout, corpulent, fleshy, beefy, paunchy, elephantine
  • Some form plump landscapes, a la Grant Wood.
  • The three fleshy nudes are at once solid and kinetic.
Funny Humorous, amusing, droll, comic, comical, laughable, silly
  • The idea for a humorous ad came from Adam Barth, Felix’s predecessor.
  • It needed to be unlike any traditional greeting, but it couldn’t be at all comical.
Serious Alarming, grave, pressing, pressuring, severe, urgent, acute
  • His grave is located at the edge of of the settlement and remains a pilgrimage site for extremists.
  • The most urgent tasks involve the key institutions of education, business, and government.
Small Insignificant, insubstantial, minimal, minor, tiny
  • The model shows that increasing the share of immigrants with, say, college degrees had only a minimal effect on GDP and employment.
  • A minor in dramatic arts, this is Norman’s stage.


Fresh, unique, original, unusual, novel, modern, current, recent, up-to-date
  • Mr. Trump is a unique and present danger.
  • The movie, airing Saturday night, is a continuation of a vibe that’s special and unusual for TV.
Old Feeble, ancient, aged, used, worn, dilapidated, former, old-fashioned, outmoded, venerable, primitive, traditional, archaic, outdated, antiquated, obsolete
  • It’s true that society will probably always have devices to read DNA, so that gets around the problem of obsolete readers.
  • The reason, suggested Tom Mann, a political scholar at the Brookings Institution, is downright primitive.


Fake, fraudulent, counterfeit, spurious, untrue, unfounded, erroneous, deceptive, groundless, fallacious
  • This is another problem with this game: It gives you erroneous notions of evolution.
  • The accusations may be spurious, but they are serious and need to be addressed.
Wrong Amiss, arguable, askew, awry, bad, debatable, dubious, erroneous, fallacy, fallacious, false, inaccurate, incorrect, miscalculated, misconstrued, misguided, mistaken, on the wrong track, off-target, perverse, spurious, unsatisfactory, untrue
  • All of the proposed solutions are debatable, and the next shooting has already happened before those debates are over.
  • The bright colors help them avoid being mistaken for game and shot.
Right Correct, accurate, factual, true, good, just, honest, upright, lawful, moral, proper, suitable, apt, legal, fair
  • It is always one step ahead of you, yet virtually everyone gets faster and more accurate with practice.
  • The appeals court responded with a judicial shrug to the trial court’s factual findings.
Easy Simple, effortless, straightforward, uncomplicated, child’s play
  • The new tools aim to reverse that pattern, by using technology to make a saving as effortless as spending.
  • He left a lot of uncomplicated pleasure in his wake, and some complicated pleasure, too.
Difficult Taxing, tough, challenging, daunting, tricky
  • He recently won an appeal against the tough regime of his incarceration.
  • It’s possible to serve draught beer on a plane – but the physics is tricky.
Common universal, ubiquitous
  • In Vietnam, street food is ubiquitous, which surprises tourists so much
  • Such problems are a universal feature of old age.
Vague obscure (unknown or known by only a few people)
  • We went to see one of Shakespeare’s more obscure plays.
Primary radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental
  • This document marks a radical departure from earlier recommendations.
Hard-working assiduous (someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly)
  • She was assiduous in her duties.
Possible feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)
  • It's just not feasible to manage the business on a part-time basis.

3. Một số Synonyms của các động từ phổ biến

Tiếp nối những Synonyms của các tính từ trong phần trên, chúng ta sẽ cùng học Synonyms của các động từ thông dụng trong Tiếng Anh để có thể paraphrase tốt hơn trong bài thi IELTS nhé.

Verbs Synonyms Examples

Synonyms (casual): To grab something quickly, to get a good deal, to get a good bargain, to pick something up

Synonyms (formal): Purchase, acquire, consume (this is better for larger economic trends= great for Writing Task 1)

  • The tickets can only be purchased in advance from our website.
  • 25 per cent of the world’s population consumes 80 per cent of the planet’s resources.
travel Explore, go on an adventure, take an adventure, go on an excursion, get away, wander
  • They've gone on an excursion to York.
stick adhere, cling
  • The tiles may not adhere properly if you do not use the correct glue.
  • The smell of smoke still clings to her clothes.
pursue seek (if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)
  • Police are not seeking anyone else in connection with the deaths.
build erect (you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish
  • The church was erected in 1582.
insult humiliate (do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)
  • I didn't want to humiliate her in front of her colleagues.
complain grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way, especially something that is not really very serious)
  • They kept grumbling that they were cold.
relieve alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)
  • A number of measures were taken to alleviate the problem.
force coerce into (coerce means you make someone do something she/he does not want to), compel
  • The court has powers to compel witnesses to attend.
enlarge magnify (magnify means make something larger than it really is)
  • The picture shows the insect’s head magnified ten times.
praise extol (stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political)
  • She complimented him on his excellent German.
attack assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently)
  • The proposal was assailed by the opposition party.
ruin devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.)
  • The bomb devastated much of the old part of the city.
respect esteem (if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL) thường dùng ở dạng bị động
  • He was esteemed as a dedicated and imaginative scholar.
stop cease (if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)
  • Welfare payments cease as soon as an individual starts a job.
satisfy gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)
  • He only gave his consent in order to gratify her wishes.

4. Bài tập áp dụng

Để nhớ những synonyms này nhanh hơn và lâu hơn các bạn hãy cùng vận dụng những kiến thức đã học bên trên để làm bài tập thực hành dưới đây.

Bài tập: Chọn đáp án có nghĩa tương đồng với từ in đậm ở các câu sau

1. remote 4. predict 7. banish
a. automatic a. foretell a. exile
b. distant b. decide b. hate
c. savage c. prevent c. fade
d. mean d. discover d. clean
2. detest 5. kin 8. Fraud
a. argue a. exult a. malcontent
b. hate b. twist b. argument
c. discover c. friend c. imposter
d. reveal d. relative d. clown
3. gracious 6. pensive 9. saccharine
a. pretty a. oppressed a. leave
b. clever b. caged b. sweet
c. pleasant c. thoughtful c. arid
d. present d. happy d. quit
10. Drag 13. Simulate 16. Generic
a. sleepy a. excite a. general
b. crush b. imitate b. cheap
c. proud c. trick c. fresh
d. pull d. apelike d. elderly
11. Jovial 14. Charisma 17. Qualm
a. incredulous a. ghost a. distress
b. merry b. force b. impunity
c. revolting c. charm c. persevere
d. dizzy d. courage d. scruple
12. indifferent 15. Apportion 18. Wary
a. neutral a. divide a. calm
b. unkind b. decide b. curved
c. precious c. cut c. confused
d. mean d. squabble d. cautious
19. Distort 22. inscrutable 25. Reverie
a. wrong a. difficult a. palimpsest
b. evil b. mysterious b. phantom
c. deform c. inflexible c. daydream
d. harm d. wary d. curio
20. sumptuous 23. Appall 26. Loot
a. delirious a. delirious a. destruction
b. gorgeous b. covered b. waste
c. perilous c. dismay c. spoils
d. luxurious d. confuse d. cavort
21. Reel 24. Upright 27. Loquacious
a. whirl a. honorable a. talkative
b. fish b. horizontal b. thirsty
c. hit c. humble c. beautiful
d. mistake d. supine d. complicated
28. Chimera 31. Nabob 34. louche
a. chimney a. bigwig a. gauche
b. protest b. doubter b. fine
c. illusion c. frolic c. brilliant
d. panache d. converse d. indecent
29. Temerity 32. Pall 35. stentorian
a. audacity a. light a. violent
b. fearfulness b. satiate b. misbegotten
c. shyness c. carry c. loud
d. stupidity d. horror d. stealthy
30. educe 33. sacrosanct
a. demand a. prayer
b. elicit b. sanctuary
c. ideal c. pious
d. unlawful d. sacred

___ĐÁP ÁN___

1. b. remote means faraway, or distant

2. b. to detest means to feel intense or violent dislike, or to hate

3. c. gracious means to be pleasant or considerate in social interactions

4. a. to predict means to declare in advance or to foretell

5. d. kin means people with common ancestors, or relatives

6. c. pensive means moodily or dreamily thoughtful

7. a. to banish means to drive out from home or country, or to exile

8. c. a fraud is someone who is not what he or she pretends to be, or an imposter

9. b. saccharine means overly sweet

10. d. to drag is to pull, or to cause movement in a direction with applied force

11. b. jovial means good-humored or merry

12. a. to be indifferent is to be marked by impartiality or to be neutral

13. b. to simulate is to assume the outward appearance of, or to imitate

14. c. charisma is magnetic charm or appeal

15. a. to apportion is to divide and share out

16. a. generic means having the characteristic of a whole group, or general

17. d. a qualm is a feeling of uneasiness about a moral issue, or a scrupled

18. d. wary means to be attentive especially to danger, or to be cautious

19.c. to distort means to twist out of a normal state, or to deform

20. d. sumptuous means excessively costly, rich, or luxurious

21. a. one meaning of reel is to move around and round or to whirl

22. b. inscrutable means not easily interpreted or understood, or mysterious

23. c. to appall is to overcome with shock, or to dismay

24. a. upright can mean either honorable or vertical; horizontal and supine are both antonyms of upright

25. c. a reverie means the state of being lost in thought or a daydream

26. c. loot means goods seized in war or spoils

27. a. loquacious means excessively talkative, or garrulous

28. c. a chimera is a fabrication of the mind, or an illusion

29. a. temerity means unreasonable contempt for danger or recklessness, or audacity

30. b. to reduce means to develop something potential or latent; to elicit means to draw out something hidden or latent

31. a. a nabob is a person of great wealth or importance, or a bigwig

32. b. to pall can mean to deprive of pleasure in something by satiating

33. d. sacrosanct means the most sacred, or holy

34. d. louche means not reputable, or indecent

35. c. stentorian means loud and is usually used to imply a voice of great power and range

Như vậy, trên đây IELTS LangGo đã tổng hợp cho bạn những Synonyms của các tính từ và động từ phổ biến nhất trong Tiếng Anh. Hy vọng, bài viết có thể giúp bạn nâng cao vốn từ đồng nghĩa để vận dụng trong paraphrase và đạt band điểm cao hơn trong IELTS.

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