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Bài đăng, 07/01/2020
By Evans

Văn Miếu - Quốc Tử Giám là quần thể di tích đa dạng và phong phú hàng đầu của thành phố Hà Nội, nằm ở phía nam Kinh thành Thăng Long, được Thủ tướng Chính phủ Việt Nam đưa vào danh sách xếp hạng 23 Di tích quốc gia đặc biệt. Nơi đây cũng là điểm đến tham quan lý tưởng của du khách trong và ngoài nước bởi kiến trúc cổ kính và không gian di tích lịch sử lâu đời. Bài học hôm nay, LangGo chia sẻ bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh về Văn Miếu - Quốc Tử Giám và gợi ý những bài mẫu tiếng Anh để bạn tự tin giới thiệu, thuyết trình về nét đẹp di sản này đến với bạn bè quốc tế. 

A. Bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh về Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám

1. Temple of Literature: Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám
2. Literature lake: Văn Hồ
3. Constellation of Literature pavilion: Khuê Văn Các
4. Stelae commanding horsemen to dismount: bia Hạ Mã
5. The Great Middle gate: đại Trung môn
6. The Great Portico: Khu Nhập Đạo
7. Attained Talent gate: Đại Thành Môn
8. Accomplished Virtue gate: Thành Đức môn
9. Crystallization of Letters gate: Cửa Súc Văn
10. Magnificence of Letters gate: Cửa Bi Văn
11. Well of Heavenly Clarity: Giếng Thiên Quang
12. Stelae of Doctors: bia tiến sĩ
13. Back of the turtle: mai rùa
14. sanctuary : nơi tôn nghiêm
15. altar: bàn thờ
16. Trần dynasty: triều đại nhà Trần
17. imperial academy: học viên hoàng gia
18. national university: trường quốc học
19. The Master: ông đồ
20. red paper: giấy đỏ
21. black ink: mực Tàu, mực đen
22. Calligraphy pictures: Thư pháp.
23. Chữ nhẫn: patience 
24. Chữ đức: morality
25. Red envelop: Bao lì xì
Tìm  hiểu thêm các bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh theo chủ đề thông dụng: 

B. Đoạn văn tiếng Anh giới thiệu về Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám

1. Giới thiệu khát quát tiếng Anh về Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám

The Temple of Literature is often cited as one of Hanoi’s most picturesque tourist attractions. Originally built as a university in 1070 dedicated to Confucius, scholars and sages, the building is extremely well preserved and is a superb example of traditional-style Vietnamese architecture.
This ancient site offers a lake of literature, the Well of Heavenly Clarity, turtle steles, pavilions, courtyards and passageways that were once used by royalty. Visiting the Temple of Literature you will discover historic buildings from the Ly and Tran dynasties in a revered place that has seen thousands of doctors’ graduate in what has now become a memorial to education and literature.
Originally the university only accepted aristocrats, the elite and royal family members as students before eventually opening its doors to brighter ‘commoners’. Successful graduates had their names engraved on a stone stele which can be found on top of the stone turtles.
Temple of Literature Highlights
The Temple of Literature is a place of study rather than a religious landmark. There are five courtyards at the temple, two brimming with landscaped gardens, the third is home to a large pond known as the Well of Heavenly Clarity, the fourth courtyard is called the Sage Courtyard and features a statue of Confucius and a house of ceremonies, and the last courtyard is Thai Hoc in which stands a large drum and bell tower. This historic site is ranked as one of Hanoi’s most important cultural places and is steeped in Vietnamese history.
The layout of the temple is based upon the birthplace of Confucius with a magnificent main entrance and a path, once reserved solely for the king, running through the centre. The immaculate gardens are rich in ancient trees and are considered a serene place in which students can relax. There are stone statues and inscriptions dotted throughout the temple which has retained many of its original features as the most renowned landmark of academia in Vietnam.

2. Giới thiệu Quốc Tử Giám trường đại học đầu tiên ở Việt Nam

Quoc Tu Giam - The First University in Vietnam

Temple Quoc Tu Giam is two works were built to teach and worship Confucius and ancient scholars of Confucian scholars. Temple was built in 1070 under King Ly Thanh Tong, and Quoc Tu Giam was built in 1076, under King Ly Nhan Tong.
It can be said that the Ly dynasty was the most prosperous stage of education in Vietnam during the period of feudal lordship and Quoc Tu Giam's study. This is the most obvious evidence of King Ly Nhan Tong's determination to improve his education.
This is a work built to promote the spirit of learning the people as well as seeking talent for the country. After being built, studying in Quoc Tu Giam began in 1076.
Pupils (pupils) Quoc Tu Giam, who passed the Huong examination, passed the examination at the Ministry of Ceremonies will be admitted to the National University to hear lectures, writing to prepare exam . Many well-known scholars have contributed to the court's study in Quoc Tu Giam.
Today's Thai study in the Quoc Tu Giam Temple, which is the former Quoc Tu Giam, for the students to study, the literature. This can be considered as the first national university in Vietnam, the birthplace of talent for the country.

3. Giới thiệu kiến trúc độc đáo của Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám

The unique architecture of Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam

Temple of Literature is a beautiful tourist destination in Hanoi, located in the south of Thang Long royal citadel, in an area of ​​55.027m2, divided into 5 separate areas by each zone. The Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam archaeological complex from the entrance is the Temple of Literature, the Great Wall, the Khue Van Cac, Dai Thanh and the Thai Temple.
The first area from the main temple gate to the Great Gate. The two right hand side of the Great Gate has two small doors, the door is called Thanh Duc (became a virtuous person), on the right called Dat Tai (become a talented).
Dai Trung Mon Gate was built in 3-storey architecture on the high brick, tile roof, the middle of which hung a small sign of the three words Dai Trung Mon.
The second area from Greater Japan to Khue Van Cac - an architectural representation of Vietnamese literature and education.  
The third area consists of large square-shaped wells of Thien Quang, creating harmonious harmony for the whole Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam relic and two rows of doctoral beer.
Each row has 41 beers, a stone inscription on a turtle symbolizes immortality. 82 stone steles symbolize the people who have ever achieved the title in Quoc Tu Giam, the most valuable artifact symbolizes the fondness of the Vietnamese people through 82 examinations.

4. Giới thiệu ý nghĩa của Khuê Văn Các và Giếng Thiên Quang

The meaning of the Khue Van and Thien Quang lake:

According to ancient ideas, the architecture of Khue Van The was built according to the theory of yin and yang. Khue Van Cac has 8 roofs of the bowl, plus a roof above it is 9, the number is truu. According to the translation, the numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 belong to the positive, Khue Van The has 9, ie the number of positive, representing the sun.
The Thien Quang square represents the ground, while the Khue Van The represents the sun, meaning Quoc Tu Giam is the center of all the essence of heaven and earth.
The fourth area is the center, the outside is Bai Road, the inside is the Upper Palace.
The fifth area is the Temple of Revelation worshiping the parents of Confucius and the Thai School, where the training of the talents for the court. 

5. Giới thiệu  hành trình tham quan Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám

Visiting Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam 

Temple Quoc Tu Giam is located in the center of Hanoi, at 58 Quoc Tu Giam. Tourists traveling to Hanoi one day want to visit the Temple of Literature can take a taxi or bus, travel time about 10 minutes.
Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam campus is very large, divided into 5 areas connected by the divine axis from the beginning to the end of the campus. Follow this path of spirituality, visitors will be exploring all the works of Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam.
The entrance to Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam is located at Tam Quan Gate (there are 3 doors, the door in the middle of the high and two floors). Entering the gate of Tam Quan is the entrance, visitors will go straight to the second gate, called the Great Gate. After visiting the Great Hall, visitors will go straight to Khue Van Cac - a symbolic work of Temple of Literature.
With the idea of​​developing education, Khue Van Cac is the place to attract many tourists to visit. Going to Khue Van Cau, tourists will see two small ports named Bi Van and Suc Van. These two doors together with the guard of Khue Van Cac lead visitors to a unique sightseeing site that is the Thien Quang well and the area of ​​doctor beer.
This is a fairly large area, Thien Quang wells are centered, the two sides are home to Dr. beer, each side is 41 steles form 2 horizontal rows turn towards Thien Quang well.
After visiting the third area, visitors have to walk through Dai Thanh Gate to reach the main area of​​Quoc Tu Giam, named Dai Bai Road. Between the worship of Confucius, the left worship Monk and Mencius, the right to worship Nhan Tu and Tu Tu.
This is an area of​​worship so visitors must remain silent when visiting this place.
In the past, this place was the place where the three kings of the Ly dynasty and the Chu Van An Quoc Tu Giam Tuong Tu Tuong were placed.

Some note when visiting Temple of Literature:

According to the travel experience of Hanoi, because this is a national monument, visitors should respect the regulations here, not destroy the landscape and artifacts within the relic.
Should maintain a serious attitude, when entering the worship area or incense.
Preserve the birth of the relic.
Trên đây là toàn bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh và bài mẫu giới thiệu về Văn Miếu Quốc Tử Giám - một nét tự hào và di sản độc đáo của Việt Nam. LangGo chúc bạn học tốt tiếng Anh!
Tìm hiểu thêm các chủ đề tiếng Anh thông dụng khác: 
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