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Bài đăng, 17/01/2020
By Evans
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Tiếp nối List 300 cặp từ trái nghĩa trong tiếng Anh - Phần 1, bài viết này cập nhật các cặp từ trái nghĩa nghĩa thông dụng được sử dụng nhiều nhất trong tiếng Anh từ vần M - Z.

M.

Major —— Minor

  • There is a major problem with parking in London.
  • We have made some minor changes to the program.

Male —— Female

  • All the attackers were male, aged between 25 and 30.
  • Two of the candidates must be female.

Man —— Woman

  • He’s a very kind man.
  • When a woman is pregnant, the levels of hormones in her body change.

Marry —— Divorce

  • No one wanted a dying girlfriend, especially when she’d flat out refused to marry him.
  • She wants to divorce her husband.

Mature —— Immature

  • Laura is very mature for her age.
  • He forgave his son’s immature behavior.

Maximum —— Minimum

  • The car has a maximum speed of 120 mph.
  • The minimum number of students we need to run the course is fifteen.

Melt —— Freeze

  • It was warmer now, and the snow was beginning to melt.
  • The lake had frozen overnight.

Merry —— Sad

  • He marched off, whistling a merry tune.
  • Lilly felt sad that Christmas was over.

Miser —— Spendthrift

  • Everyone said Mr. Henny was a miser who had thousands of pounds hidden under his bed.
  • She was by no means a spendthrift, but somehow all the money disappeared anyway.

Most —— Least

  • She’s one of the most experienced teachers in the district.
  • He’s my least favorite member of staff.

N.

Nadir —— Zenith

  • By 1932, the depression had reached its nadir.
  • The Roman Empire reached its zenith around the year 100.

Narrow —— Broad

  • The stairs were very narrow.
  • The room is three meter long and two meter broad.

Nasty —— Nice

  • I went to school with him – he was nasty then and he’s nasty now.
  • You look nice in that suit.

Nasty —— Pleasant

  • Drivers often have a nasty habit of driving too close to cyclists.
  • The restaurant was large and pleasant.

Natural —— Artificial

  • My hair soon grew back to its natural color.
  • A job interview is a very artificial situation.

Near —— Far

  • She told the children not to go near the canal.
  • It’s not far to the beach.

Near —— Distance

  • They moved house to be nearer the school.
  • The cottage is some distance from the road.

Neat —— Messy

  • His clothes were always neat and clean.
  • The place is so messy, I haven’t had time to clear up.

Negative —— Positive

  • My drinking was starting to have a negative effect on my work.
  • She’s got a really positive attitude to life.

Nephew —— Niece

  • His nephew told him to take a walk, get lost in the crowd.
  • As they moved towards the next tee she nodded towards her niece.

Night —— Day

  • I didn’t sleep too well last night.
  • She only leaves her house during the day.

Noisy —— Quiet

  • The kids have been really noisy today.
  • I didn’t know anything about it so I just kept quiet.

Noisy —— Silent

  • The bar was very noisy.
  • She kept silent, forcing Buchanan to continue.

None —— Some

  • I wish I could offer you some cake but there’s none left.
  • Many local businesses are having difficulties, and some have even gone bankrupt.

Noon/ Midday —— Midnight

  • We met at 12 noon (midday).
  • We stayed there until way after midnight.

North —— South

  • Cheshunt is a few miles to the north of London.
  • Gatwick airport is a few miles to the south of London.

Notice —— Ignore

  • He noticed a woman in a black dress sitting across from him.
  • You can’t ignore the fact that many criminals never go to prison.

Now —— Then

  • Until now, doctors have been able to do very little to treat this disease.
  • They’re sending out the results next week, so we won’t know anything until then.

O.

Obedient —— Disobedient

  • My son is an obedient child.
  • He is a pleasant child, but often rowdy, disobedient and rough with others.

Old —— New

  • Some of the houses around here are very old.
  • They’ve just moved into their new home.

Old —— Young

  • The old man lay propped up on cushions.
  • You’re too young to get married. young trees.

On —— Off

  • The TV’s on, but nobody seems to be watching it.
  • Will someone switch the radio off?

Open —— Shut

  • He opened the drawer of the desk.
  • Ellen shuts the window.

Opposite —— Same

  • I thought the medicine would make him sleep, but it had the opposite effect.
  • They went to the same school.

Optimistic —— Pessimistic

  • Bankers are cautiously optimistic about the country’s economic future.
  • He remains deeply pessimistic about the peace process.

Over —— Under

  • She leaned over the desk to answer the phone.
  • Wendy had hidden the box under her bed.

P.

Part —— Whole

  • Part of the building was destroyed in the fire.
  • The whole country mourned her death.

Pass —— Fail

  • She passed with flying colors.
  • He has failed his driving test.

Patient —— Impatient

  • You’ll just have to be patient and wait till I’m off the phone.
  • We are growing impatient with the lack of results.

Permanent —— Temporary

  • He gave up a permanent job in order to freelance.
  • You might want to consider temporary work until you decide what you want to do.

Plentiful —— Scarce

  • During the summer tomatoes are plentiful and cheap.
  • Food was often scarce in the winter.

Plural —— Singular

  • ‘Sheep’ remains the same in the plural.
  • The singular of ‘bacteria’ is ‘bacterium’.

Polite —— Rude

  • We left the party as soon as it was polite to do so.
  • I didn’t mean to be rude, but I had to leave early.

Polite —— Impolite

  • It’s not polite to talk with your mouth full.
  • It is impolite not to eat what you are served at a dinner party.

Possible —— Impossible

  • Computer technology makes it possible for many people to work from home.
  • Members with young children often found it impossible to attend evening meetings.

Poverty —— Wealth

  • We need an effective strategy to fight poverty.
  • The purpose of industry is to create wealth.

Poverty —— Riches

  • Millions of elderly people live in poverty.
  • He was enjoying his newfound riches.

Powerful —— Weak

  • He was one of the most powerful men in Bohemia.
  • The country is in a weak position economically.

Praise —— Criticism

  • Her teacher was full of praise for her work.
  • My main criticism of the scheme is that it does nothing to help families on low incomes.

Pre —— Post

  • As usual, the government seems to have forgotten most of its preelection promises.
  • Its share price rocketed from its postcrash low.

Predator —— Prey

  • Some animals have no natural predators.
  • The lion will often stalk its prey for hours.

Pretty —— Ugly

  • She still looks pretty miserable.
  • Nick’s dog is as ugly as sin.

Private —— Public

  • There is private ownership of property in a market economy.
  • We do not believe he is fit for public office.

Prudent —— Imprudent

  • It might be prudent to get a virus detector for the network.
  • The banks made hundreds of imprudent loans in the 1970s.

Pure —— Impure

  • Our beef patties are 100% pure.
  • Some of these drugs are highly impure.

Push —— Pull

  • I promised to push him on the swings for as long as he wanted.
  • She pulled open the door and hurried inside.

Put on —— Take off

  • He took off his uniform and put on a sweater and trousers.
  • Charlie was taking off his shirt when the phone rang.

R.

Rapid —— Slow

  • The patient made a rapid recovery.
  • The car was travelling at a very slow speed.

Rare —— Common

  • It is very rare for her to miss a day at school.
  • Bad dreams are fairly common among children.

Real —— Fake

  • She had never seen a real live elephant before.
  • He is a fake designer clothing.

Regular —— Irregular

  • The company holds regular meetings with employees.
  • He’s receiving medication for an irregular heartbeat.

Relevant —— Irrelevant

  • We received all the relevant information.
  • We’re focusing too much on irrelevant details.

Rich —— Poor

  • Nobody gets rich from writing nowadays.
  • They were too poor to buy shoes for the kids.

Right —— Left

  • He had a knife in his right hand.
  • She held out her left hand.

Right —— Wrong

  • I think you’re right. We should have set out earlier.
  • Your calculations must be wrong.

Risky —— Safe

  • Doctors say it’s too risky to try and operate.
  • I think it’s safe to say that the future is looking pretty good.

Rude —— Courteous

  • I didn’t mean to be rude, but I had to leave early.
  • The staffs are always courteous and helpful.

S.

Sad —— Happy

  • I was sad about the friends I was leaving behind.
  • He was a happy child who rarely cried.

Safe —— Dangerous

  • Flying is one of the safest forms of travel.
  • The business is in a dangerous financial position.

Satisfied —— Dissatisfied

  • They have plenty of satisfied customers.
  • If you are dissatisfied with this product, please return it.

Secondhand —— New

  • I know where he bought a secondhand bicycle.
  • I got a used video camera for £300 – it would have cost £1,000 if I’d bought it new.

Secure —— Insecure

  • We want a secure future for our children.
  • She felt lonely and insecure away from her family.

Seller —— Buyer

  • They are hidden because such taxes are typically shifted by sellers to consumers through higher product prices.
  • We couldn’t find a buyer for our house, so we weren’t able to move after all.

Servant —— Master

  • His servant hastened to make all ready, build fires and heat water for the baths and prepare food.
  • Bill Ritchie is now the master of these techniques, by the learnt them originally from Lawrence.

Shout —— Whisper

  • The men on the wall lowered their weapons at her shout, and the remaining pursuer tackled her.
  • He wanted to hear her whisper his name after they made love and flutter soft kisses with her full lips across his face, the way she had the other night.

Simple —— Hard

  • Modern cameras are very simple to use.
  • You’ll have to make some hard decisions.

Single —— Married

  • The changes in tax rates will benefit single people the most.
  • Married men earn 70 percent more than single men.

Sit —— Stand

  • Why don’t you sit down and rest and I’ll bring you a piece of pie.
  • stand there and can’t do anything!

Slave —— Master

  • These areas need developing, so entrepreneurs pump in investment: capital accumulated from the slave trade, sugar and cotton.
  • Later that evening Heathcliff’s servant Joseph arrived and asked to speak to the master.

Sleep —— Wake up

  • I usually sleep on my back.
  • James usually wakes up early.

Small —— Big

  • The Tshirt was too small for him.
  • The garage isn’t big enough for two cars.

Smart —— Stupid

  • The smart kids get good grades and go off to college.
  • I can’t believe Kate was stupid enough to get involved in this.

Smooth —— Rough

  • Her skin felt smooth and cool.
  • Her hands were rough from hard work.

Sour —— Sweet

  • The milk’s turned sour.
  • The tea is too sweet.

Sow —— Reap

  • The fields around had been sown with wheat.
  • Several predicted that they will be rape higher yields and profits while saving the soil.

Speed up —— Slow down

  • The truck speeded up going down the hill.
  • Growth in sales has slowed down.

Spend —— Save

  • Mum never spends any money on herself.
  • He managed to save enough to buy a small house.

Start —— Finish

  • There’s so much to do I don’t know where to start.
  • You can’t go anywhere until you’ve finished your homework.

Stop —— Go

  • I was worried that the security guards would stop us at the gate.
  • Dinah went into the kitchen.

Straight —— Crooked

  • She was looking straight at me.
  • His lips curled into a crooked smile.

Strengthen —— Weaken

  • The team has been strengthened by the arrival of two new players.
  • Changes in policy have weakened the power of the trade unions.

Stress —— Relax

  • My headaches are caused by stress.
  • A hot bath should help to relax you.

Strict —— Lenient

  • This company is very strict about punctuality.
  • School examiners say that marking has become more lenient in recent years.

Strong —— Weak

  • He picked her up in his big strong arms.
  • She’s too weak to feed herself.

Success —— Failure

  • The experiment was a big success.
  • I always felt a bit of a failure at school.

Sunny —— Cloudy

  • I hope it will be sunny tomorrow.
  • Tomorrow, it will be cloudy and cool.

Synonym —— Antonym

  • “Shut”’ is a synonym of “closed”.
  • “Old” has two possible antonyms. They are “young” and “new”.

T.

Tall —— Short

  • She’s a little taller than her sister.
  • He’s a bit shorter than me.

Tame —— Wild

  • The bird became so tame that it was impossible to release it back into the wild.
  • In my opinion, wild animals should not be kept in zoos.

Teach —— Learn

  • He teaches geography at the local secondary school.
  • learnt to drive when I was 17.

Terrible —— Wonderful

  • Their son had been injured in a terrible accident.
  • We had a wonderful time in Spain.

Thick —— Thin

  • He was wearing thick glasses.
  • She’s only wearing a thin summer jacket.

Throw —— Catch

  • He threw his shirt to someone in the crowd.
  • Stephen leapt up and caught the ball in one hand.

Tie —— Untie

  • I kept all his letters tied together with a ribbon.
  • Peter untied his shoelaces.

Tolerant —— Intolerant

  • My parents were tolerant of my choice of music.
  • A number of patients were intolerant of the diet.

Tough —— Easy

  • The reporters were asking a lot of tough questions.
  • It would have been easy for the team to lose the game.

Tough —— Tender

  • The meat was tough and hard to chew.
  • Continue cooking until the meat is tender.

Transparent —— Opaque

  • The insect’s wings are almost transparent.
  • The windows are opaque, and the curtains you can see on the second floor are light gray.

Trap —— Release

  • The police trapped the terrorists at a roadblock.
  • They released ten political prisoners last year.

True —— False

  • Students decide if statements are true or false.
  • Please decide whether the following statements are true or false.

U.

Understand —— Misunderstand

  • I could understand what the woman was saying.
  • I completely misunderstand her intentions.

Unqualified —— Qualified

  • He was unqualified for the job.
  • Dawn is well qualified for her new role.

Unsafe —— Safe

  • Many people feel unsafe walking alone at night.
  • She feels safe in the house on her own.

Up —— Down

  • We walked slowly up the hill.
  • Tears were streaming down my face.

Upstairs —— Downstairs

  • I went upstairs and had a shower.
  • Charles was downstairs in the kitchen.

Useful —— Useless

  • A little Japanese can be really useful.
  • The doctor concluded that further treatment would be useless.

V.

Vacant —— Occupied

  • Only a few apartments were still vacant.
  • Only half of the rooms are occupied at the moment.

Vague —— Definite

  • The governor gave only a vague outline of his tax plan.
  • It’s impossible for me to give you a definite answer.

Vanish —— Appear

  • Public support for the prime minister has now vanished.
  • She didn’t appear at all surprised at the news.

Vast —— Tiny

  • The government will have to borrow vast amounts of money.
  • She always felt a tiny bit sad.

Vertical —— Horizontal

  • There was a vertical drop to the ocean.
  • I was so tired, I just wanted to be horizontal.

Victory —— Defeat

  • She is confident of victory in Saturday’s final.
  • The world champion has only had two defeats in 20 fights.

Virtue —— Vice

  • Among her many virtues are loyalty, courage, and truthfulness.
  • Jealousy is a vice.

Visible —— Invisible

  • The outline of the mountains was clearly visible.
  • The house was surrounded by trees, and invisible from the road.

W-Y.

War —— Peace

  • No one wants to start a trade war here.
  • The country is at peace with its neighbors for the first time in years.

Wide —— Narrow

  • The boat was nearly as wide as the canal.
  • This is a long narrow road.

Win —— Lose

  • I think you will win the next election.
  • They played so badly they deserved to lose.

Within —— Outside

  • Prisoners who died were buried within the walls of the prison.
  • It’s outside my experience, I’m afraid.

Yes —— No

  • “Would you like a sandwich?”
  • Yes, please.”
  • “Could you help me write this?”
  • No, sorry, I haven’t got time at the moment.”

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