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Bài đăng, 17/01/2020
By Evans
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Tổng hợp 300 cặp từ trái nghĩa được sử dụng nhiều nhất trong tiếng Anh. Danh sách được liệt kê từ A-Z đi kèm với các ví dụ giúp bạn học tiếng Anh dễ dàng và hiệu quả hơn.

LangGo - List 300 cặp từ trái nghĩa dùng nhiều nhất trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp


A lot —— A little: Nhiều - Một chút

  • We’ve spent a lot on the children’s education.
  • Fortunately I had a little time to spare.

Abate —— Increase: Làm hạ, bơt - Tăng lên

  • Steps are to be taken to abate pollution.
  • The population has increased from 1.2 million to 1.8 million.

Able —— Unable: Có thể - Không thể

  • You must be able to speak French for this job.
  • She was unable to hide her excitement.

Abortive —— Successful: Thất bại - Thành công

  • During the war of 1770 the Greeks had risen in an abortive rebellion, promptly crushed by the Turks.
  • They were successful in winning the contract.

Above —— Below: Trên - Dưới

  • I heard a strange noise coming from the room above.
  • I could hear voices in the courtyard below my window.

Abridge —— Expand: Giảm bớt - Mở rộng

  • She has been asked to abridge the novel for radio.
  • The waist expands to fit all sizes.

Absent —— Present: Vắng mặt - Có mặt

  • Students who are regularly absent from school.
  • The gases present in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Abundant —— Scarce: Dồi dào - Ít ỏi

  • Fish are abundant in the lake.
  • Food was often scarce in the winter.

Accept —— Decline: Chấp nhận - Từ chối

  • Rick accepted her offer of coffee.
  • His school reports said that he never declines a challenge.

Accept —— Refuse: Chấp nhận - Từ chối

  • He accepted the invitation to stay with us.
  • The chairman refused to answer any more questions.

Accurate —— Inaccurate: Chính xác - Không chính xác

  • The brochure tries to give a fair and accurate description of each hotel.
  • A lot of what has been written about him is inaccurate.

Achieve —— Fail: Đạt được - Thất bại

  • He had finally achieved success.
  • She failed to get into art college.

Add —— Subtract: Thêm - Trừ, khử

  • If you add all these amounts together you get a huge figure.
  • If you subtract 6 from 9, you get 3.

Adjacent —— Distant: Liền kề - Xa xôi

  • We stayed in adjacent rooms.
  • Stars are distant from our galaxy.

Admire —— Detest: Ngưỡng mộ - Gớm ghét

  • I really admire your enthusiasm.
  • The two men detested each other.

Admit —— Deny

  • A quarter of all workers admit to taking time off when they are not ill.
  • The department denies responsibility for what occurred.

Admit —— Reject

  • She admits to being strict with her children.
  • The prime minister rejected any idea of reforming the system.

Adore —— Hate

  • She adores working with children.
  • hate to see you unhappy.

Advance —— Retreat

  • The troops were finally given the order to advance.
  • The army was forced to retreat after suffering heavy losses.

Advantage —— Disadvantage

  • Her experience meant that she had a big advantage over her opponent.
  • The disadvantage of the material is that it fades in strong sunlight.

Against —— For

  • Mr. Howard has declared that he is against all forms of racism.
  • Everybody is always for peace.

Agree —— Disagree

  • If she felt he was right, she would agree with him.
  • He is tolerant of those who disagree with him.

Alive —— Dead

  • It was a bad accident – they’re lucky to be alive.
  • Two men were shot dead by terrorists.

All —— None

  • Have you done all your homework?
  • We saw several houses but none we really liked.

Allow —— Forbid

  • My parents wouldn’t allow me to go to the party.
  • He was forbidden to leave the house, as a punishment.

Ally —— Enemy

  • Ridley was one of the Queen’s closest allies.
  • He was accused of collaboration with the enemy.

Alone —— Together

  • She lives alone.
  • We’ve very much enjoyed working together.

Always —— Never

  • I’ve always wanted to go to Paris.
  • He’s never been to Australia.

Amateur —— Professional

  • Mickelson won his first major golf tournament while still an amateur.
  • You need a professional to sort out your finances.

Amuse —— Bore

  • He made funny faces to amuse the children.
  • His blue eyes seemed to bore into her.

Ancient —— Modern

  • So according to history it has been found from the most ancient times, and so it is to our own day.
  • They are the youngest children in modern times to face murder charges.

Annoy —— Soothe

  • She annoyed him with her stupid questions.
  • She made a cup of tea to soothe her nerves.

Answer —— Question

Opposite words examples:

  • The short answer is that it can’t be done.
  • They asked me quite a lot of difficult questions about my job.

Apparent —— Obscure

  • The difference in quality was immediately apparent.
  • I found her lecture very obscure.

Arrive —— Leave

  • He arrived late as usual.
  • My baby gets upset when I leave the room.

Arrive —— Depart

  • What time does the plane arrive in New York?
  • Flights by Air Europe depart Gatwick on Tuesdays.

Arrogant —— Humble

  • He was unbearably arrogant.
  • Taylor’s students describe him as a humble and modest man.

Ascend —— Descend

  • The plane ascended rapidly.
  • Our plane started to descend.

Ask —— Answer

  • We’ll have to ask someone the way to the station.
  • I repeated the question, but she didn’t answer.

Ask —— Tell

  • asked him where he lived.
  • Jack had to go, but he didn’t tell me why.

Attack —— Defend

  • There have been several attacks on foreigners recently.
  • We need to defend against military aggression.

Attractive —— Repulsive

  • She is an attractive woman.
  • What a repulsive man!

Awake —— Asleep

  • She was still only half awake when I brought her a cup of coffee.
  • Kelly was asleep on the sofa.

Awkward —— Graceful

  • She may appear stiff and perhaps awkward.
  • Her father was a quiet man with graceful manners.


Back —— Front

  • I found some old photos at the back of the drawer.
  • There’s a garden at the front of the house.

Bad —— Good

  • I have some bad news for you.
  • The train service is not very good.

Bare —— Covered

  • The room was completely bare except for a bed against the wall.
  • The walls were covered with pictures.

Beautiful —— Ugly

  • The bride looked beautiful in that dress.
  • He was short, nearsighted, ugly and exceptionally awkward.

Before —— After

  • I saw her a few days before she died.
  • I go swimming every day after work.

Begin —— End

  • In the third year, students begin the study of classical Chinese.
  • The speaker ended by suggesting some topics for discussion.

Beginning —— Conclusion

  • There’s a short poem at the beginning of every chapter.
  • At the conclusion of the meeting, little progress had been made.

Behind —— In front of

  • I turned to speak to the person standing behind me.
  • She spends all day sitting in front of her computer.

Best —— Worst

  • He won the best actor award.
  • This is the worst recession for fifty years.

Better —— Worse

  • There must be a better way to do this.
  • The violence was worse than we expected.

Big —— Little

  • They belong to the rich man who lives in the big white house there among the trees.
  • He was quite an old little man and his head was long and entirely bald.

Birth —— Death

  • What’s your date of birth?
  • Cancer is the leading cause of death in women.

Bitter —— Sweet

  • Black coffee leaves a bitter taste in the mouth.
  • This tea is too sweet.

Black —— White

  • Matthew had thick black hair, but Natalie’s was blonde.
  • His face is white, and he seems very weak.

Blame —— Praise

  • Marie still blames herself for Patrick’s death.
  • The mayor praised the rescue teams for their courage.

Bless —— Curse

  • God bless you!
  • Elsa cursed herself for believing his lies.

Blunt —— Sharp

  • Sharpen all your blunt knives.
  • Make sure you use a good sharp knife.

Body —— Soul

  • Your body temperature is higher in the daytime than at night.
  • There was a feeling of restlessness deep in her soul.

Bold —— Timid

  • My aunt was a bold determined woman.
  • I was a timid child.

Boring —— Interesting

  • I trudged through a boring day, knowing I’d return to an empty apartment as Betsy was off to Los Angeles for the entire week.
  • Dr. Bell told me many interesting things about his work.

Bottom —— Top

  • I waited for them at the bottom of the hill.
  • She was standing at the top of the stairs.

Boundless —— Limited

  • Today, the opportunities for leaders are boundless, but so are the challenges.
  • My knowledge of the business is limited.

Boy —— Girl

  • The boys wanted to play football.
  • I’ve known Mollie ever since I was a little girl.

Brave —— Cowardly

  • It was brave of you to speak in front of all those people.
  • He was very cowardly because he did not tell that truth.

Break —— Repair

  • I had to break a window to get into the house.
  • It was too late to repair the damage done to their relationship.

Brief —— Long

  • We stopped by Alice’s house for a brief visit.
  • He’s been gone a long time.

Bright —— Dull

  • The weather was bright and sunny.
  • Outside the weather was hazy and dull.

Brighten —— Fade

  • The morning sunshine brightened up the room.
  • The sun had faded the curtains.

Bring —— Remove

  • Robert asked the waiter to bring him the check.
  • Reference books may not be removed from the library.

Brother —— Sister

  • My younger brother is a doctor.
  • My older sister is a nurse.

Busy —— Idle

  • Mr. Haynes is busy with a customer at the moment.
  • The workers have been idle for the last six months.

Buy —— Sell

  • The money will be used to buy equipment for the school.
  • If you offer him another hundred, I think he’ll sell.


Calm —— Windy

  • It is a calm day.
  • It’s too windy for a picnic.

Capable —— Incapable

  • All the staff at the nursing home seemed very capable.
  • He seemed incapable of understanding how she felt.

Captive —— Free

  • His son had been taken captive during the raid.
  • He knew he could be free in as little as three years.

Capture —— Release

  • The robbery was captured on police video cameras.
  • Police arrested several men, who were later released.

Careful —— Careless

  • He was being very careful with the coffee so as not to spill it.
  • He’s careless with his glasses and has lost three pairs.

Cautious —— Careless

  • Keller is cautious about making predictions for the success of the program.
  • It was careless of him to leave the door unlocked.

Center —— Edge

  • His goal is to turn Stanford into a center for environmental policy.
  • Billy sat on the edge of the bed.

Change —— Remain

  • Susan has changed a lot since I last saw her.
  • Despite the job losses, Parker remained as manager.

Cheap —— Expensive

  • Property is cheaper in Spain than here.
  • Petrol is becoming more and more expensive.

Cheerful —— Sad

  • She’s feeling more cheerful today.
  • I was sad about the friends I was leaving behind.

Child —— Adult

  • I was very happy as a child.
  • Some children find it difficult to talk to adults.

Chilly —— Warm

  • Despite the chilly autumn afternoon, she was wearing a thin cotton dress.
  • I hope we get some warm weather soon.

Clean —— Dirty

  • As usual, she left her room clean and tidy before going to school.
  • She circled the bedroom, picking up dirty clothes.

Clever —— Stupid

  • Lucy is quite clever and does well at school.
  • That was a stupid thing to say.

Clever —— Foolish

  • She is a clever girl.
  • I was young and foolish at the time.

Close —— Open

  • Would you mind if I closed the window?
  • Mr. Chen opened the car door for his wife.

Cold —— Hot

  • Let’s get in out of this cold wind.
  • In dry gourds, they were served a hot tea made from the ground leaves of something Bordeaux called the lip fern.

Combine —— Separate

  • A number of factors have combined to create this difficult situation.
  • Those suffering from infectious diseases were separated from the other patients.

Comfort —— Discomfort

  • All our sports shoes are designed for comfort and performance.
  • There can be no question of her discomfort.

Complete —— Incomplete

  • Work on the new building is nearly complete.
  • Unfortunately, I do not have the information because our records are incomplete.

Complex —— Simple

  • It was a very complex relationship between two complex people.
  • I’m sure there’s a perfectly simple explanation.

Compliment —— Insult

  • Being compared to Abba is a great compliment.
  • His comments were seen as an insult to the president.

Conceal —— Reveal

  • She tried to conceal the fact that she was pregnant.
  • He may be prosecuted for revealing secrets about the security agency.

Continue —— Interrupt

  • Sheila continued to work after she had her baby.
  • My studies were interrupted by the war.

Cool —— Warm

  • The evening air was cool.
  • I hope we get some warm weather soon.

Copy —— Original

  • We have six copies of the movie to give away.
  • He copied paintings of famous artists and passed them off as originals.

Correct —— Incorrect

  • If my calculations are correct, we’re about ten miles from Exeter.
  • The information you gave us was incorrect.

Correct —— Wrong

  • You are correct, the Missouri is the longest river in the US.
  • Your calculations must be wrong.

Countryman —— Foreigner

  • He didn’t look like a farmer, yet he looked a countryman.
  • Tom felt that people were suspicious of him because he was a foreigner.

Courage —— Cowardice

  • Sue showed great courage throughout her illness.
  • She was ashamed of her cowardice.

Crazy —— Sane

  • The neighbors must think we’re crazy.
  • Of course he isn’t mad. He’s as sane as you or I.

Create —— Destroy

  • The new factory is expected to create more than 400 new jobs.
  • The scandal destroyed Simmons and ended his political career.

Cruel —— Kind

  • The prisoner was a hard cruel man.
  • She’s a very kind and generous person.

Customer —— Supplier

  • We aim to offer good value and service to all our customers.
  • You will need to be able to deal with both customers and suppliers.


Damage —— Improve

  • Smoking can severely damage your health.
  • The doctors say she is improving.

Dark —— Bright

  • At the kitchen door she nearly ran into a dark form.
  • With his small frame and bright eyes, he’d always reminded her of an elf of some sort.

Dark —— Light

  • The church was dark and quiet.
  • The kitchen was light and spacious.

Dawn —— Sunset

  • It had been the hope which had kept her going through the dawn and early morning.
  • Lovers walked hand in hand towards the sunset.

Daytime —— Midnight

  • I can’t sleep in the daytime.
  • We stayed there until way after midnight.

Deep —— Shallow

  • The castle is on an island surrounded by a deep lake.
  • The lake is quite shallow.

Demand —— Supply

  • demand to know what’s going on.
  • An informer supplied the police with the names of those involved in the crime.

Despair —— Hope

  • She killed herself in despair.
  • When I first arrived in New York, I was full of hope for the future.

Difficult —— Easy

  • The exam was very difficult.
  • Finishing the task will be easy.

Dim —— Bright

  • Isaac was old and his eyes were dim.
  • Her eyes were hurting from the bright lights.

Discourage —— Encourage

  • My father is a lawyer, and he discouraged me from entering the field.
  • I want to thank everyone who has encouraged and supported me.

Doctor —— Patient

  • She was treated by her local doctor.
  • St Dominic’s Hospital treats about 10,000 patients a year.

Doubt —— Trust

  • The incident raises doubts about the safety of nuclear power.
  • You shouldn’t put your trust in a man like that.

Downwards —— Upwards

  • Share prices continued their downward trend.
  • Stroke the cream onto your skin in an upward direction.

Drunk —— Sober

  • David would get drunk and I would have to take him home and put him to bed.
  • He’s a nice guy when he’s sober.

Dry —— Wet

  • The air was dry and hot, as if she were in a sauna.
  • Deidre whipped the door open, ignoring the sting of her wet hair against her shoulders.

Dusk —— Dawn

  • The street lights go on at dusk.
  • The boats set off at dawn.


Early —— Late

  • The bus was ten minutes early.
  • You’re half an hour late.

Earth —— Sky

  • They watched the kite fall back to earth.
  • There wasn’t a cloud in the sky.

East —— West

  • He turned and walked away towards the east.
  • A damp wind blew from the west.

Easy —— Hard

  • The test was easy.
  • You’ll have to make some hard decisions.

Effective —— Ineffective

  • Training is often much less effective than expected.
  • The chemical was almost totally ineffective in killing the weeds.

Elementary —— Advanced

  • You’ve made a very elementary mistake.
  • She is learning advanced physics.

Employer —— Employee

  • They’re very good employers.
  • The firm has over 500 employees.

Empty —— Full

  • The fuel tank’s almost empty.
  • The kitchen was full of smoke.

Enter —— Exit

  • Silence fell as I entered the room.
  • exited through a side window.

Evening —— Morning

  • I do most of my studying in the evening.
  • I’m not feeling very well this morning.

Evil —— Good

  • There is too much evil in the world.
  • I learn to see life as a titanic moral struggle between good and evil.

Excited —— Bored

  • I’m so excited that we’re going to New York.
  • After a while, I got bored and left.

Exhale —— Inhale

  • He sat back and exhaled deeply.
  • She closed her eyes and inhaled deeply.

Expand —— Contract

  • The last were razed in 1890, and the town was permitted to expand in this direction.
  • All leeches are very extensile and can contract the body to a plump, pearshaped form, or extend it to a long and wormlike shape.

Expand —— Shrink

  • The hotel wants to expand its business by adding a swimming pool.
  • The firm’s staff had shrunk to only four people.

Export —— Import

  • Italian food has been exported all over the world.
  • We import coffee from Colombia.

Exterior —— Interior

  • The dome is tiled on the exterior.
  • The interior of the church was dark.

External —— Internal

  • An external auditor will verify the accounts.
  • Some photos contain internal evidence that may help to date them.


Fact —— Fiction

  • Much of the novel is based on fact.
  • Anthony’s first books were historical fiction.

Fake —— Real

  • The defense said the photos were fake.
  • She had never seen a real live elephant before.

Fall —— Rise

  • The rate of inflation was falling.
  • Sales rose by 20% over the Christmas period.

Famous —— Unknown

  • Many famous people have stayed in the hotel.
  • An unknown number of people were killed.

Fashionable —— Old Fashioned

  • He looked to be about her age and his blond hair was neatly combed into a fashionable style.
  • Many houses, especially in State, Danforth and Congress streets, are simple in style and oldfashioned in architecture.

Fast —— Slow

  • I’m a fast learner.
  • The wound was slow to heal.

Fat —— Thin

  • You’ll get fat if you eat all that chocolate.
  • He was tall and thin, with short brown hair.

Fat —— Skinny

  • He looks much fatter than in his photo.
  • Some supermodels are far too skinny.

Feeble —— Strong

  • She was too feeble to leave her room.
  • Laura had a strong character.

Few —— Many

  • The team that makes the fewest mistakes usually wins.
  • Many people have to use a car to travel to work.

Find —— Lose

  • “Yes. I couldn’t find a better friend than Alex, could I?” she said.
  • I didn’t want to lose you, but I didn’t want you to be unhappy like mother either.

Firm —— Flabby

  • The sofa cushions are fairly firm.
  • It was that of a young man, tall but somewhat flabby muscled.

First —— Last

  • The first time I flew on a plane I was really nervous.
  • I hadn’t seen him since the last meeting.

Float —— Sink

  • I wasn’t sure if the raft would float.
  • Their motorboat struck a rock and began to sink.

Floor —— Ceiling

  • We are located on the seventh floor of the building.
  • The house has two rooms with high ceilings.

Foolish —— Wise

  • It would be foolish to ignore his advice.
  • I think you were wise to leave when you did.

Forget —— Remember

  • What happened that day will never be forgotten.
  • remember meeting her at a party once.

Forgivable —— Unforgivable

  • It was an easily forgivable mistake.
  • Patrick had deceived her, and that was unforgivable.

Forgive —— Blame

  • I’ve tried to forgive him for what he said.
  • The report blames poor safety standards for the accident.

Fortunate —— Unfortunate

  • I’ve been fortunate to find a career that I love.
  • He has an unfortunate habit of repeating himself.

Forward —— Backward

  • He leaned forward, his elbows resting on the table.
  • She went without a backward glance.

Free —— Restricted

  • The animals are allowed to run free in the park.
  • It’s difficult trying to work in such a restricted space.

Freeze —— Boil

  • The water pipes have frozen.
  • We were advised to boil the water before drinking it.

Fresh —— Stale

  • The beans are fresh from the garden.
  • French bread goes stale very quickly.

Friend —— Enemy

  • Don’t worry, you’re among friends.
  • Cats and dogs have always been natural enemies.

Frown —— Smile

  • She frowned as she read the letter.
  • Mark read the message and smiled to himself.

Funny —— Sad

  • Do you remember any funny stories about work?
  • Dad looked sad and worried as he read the letter.


Generous —— Stingy

  • She’s always very generous to the kids.
  • She’s too stingy to give money to charity.

Gentle —— Rough

Opposites examples:

  • Arthur was a very gentle, caring person.
  • Rugby is a very rough sport.

Giant —— Tiny

  • Giant cabbages grew in the garden.
  • You only need to use a tiny amount of salt.

Give —— Receive

  • I’ve got some old diaries that my grandmother gave me years ago.
  • All the children will receive a small gift.

Grow —— Shrink

  • Sales of new cars grew by 10% last year.
  • We want to expand the business, not shrink it.

Guilty —— Innocent

  • I feel really guilty about forgetting her birthday again.
  • Nobody would believe that I was innocent.


Harmful —— Harmless

  • Scientists tend to agree that most diets don’t work and can be harmful.
  • Her brother’s a bit simple, but he’s quite harmless.

Harsh —— Mild

  • The Canadian winter is very harsh.
  • We had an exceptionally mild winter last year.

He —— She

  • It was he who first suggested the idea.
  • I saw you talking to that girl. Who is she?

Healthy —— Sick

  • I’ve always been perfectly healthy until now.
  • Maria can’t come in today because she’s sick.

Heaven —— Hell

  • He believed that he and his wife would one day be together again in heaven.
  • She must have gone through hell every day, the way we teased her about her weight.

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Danh sách các từ viết tắt trong tiếng Anh thông dụng nhất - LangGo

Danh sách các từ viết tắt trong tiếng Anh thông dụng nhất - LangGo

British vs American English: Phân biệt cách đánh vần tiếng Anh - Anh và Anh - Mỹ

British vs American English: Phân biệt cách đánh vần tiếng Anh - Anh và Anh - Mỹ

47 cụm từ rút gọn trong tiếng Anh giúp bạn nói 'nhanh như gió'

47 cụm từ rút gọn trong tiếng Anh giúp bạn nói 'nhanh như gió'

80 Thành ngữ tiếng Anh (Idioms) người Mỹ thường xuyên sử dụng

80 Thành ngữ tiếng Anh (Idioms) người Mỹ thường xuyên sử dụng

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