Tổng hợp 300 cặp từ trái nghĩa được sử dụng nhiều nhất trong tiếng Anh. Danh sách được liệt kê từ A-Z đi kèm với các ví dụ giúp bạn học tiếng Anh dễ dàng và hiệu quả hơn.
A lot —— A little: Nhiều - Một chút
- We’ve spent a lot on the children’s education.
- Fortunately I had a little time to spare.
Abate —— Increase: Làm hạ, bơt - Tăng lên
- Steps are to be taken to abate pollution.
- The population has increased from 1.2 million to 1.8 million.
Able —— Unable: Có thể - Không thể
- You must be able to speak French for this job.
- She was unable to hide her excitement.
Abortive —— Successful: Thất bại - Thành công
- During the war of 1770 the Greeks had risen in an abortive rebellion, promptly crushed by the Turks.
- They were successful in winning the contract.
Above —— Below: Trên - Dưới
- I heard a strange noise coming from the room above.
- I could hear voices in the courtyard below my window.
Abridge —— Expand: Giảm bớt - Mở rộng
- She has been asked to abridge the novel for radio.
- The waist expands to fit all sizes.
Absent —— Present: Vắng mặt - Có mặt
- Students who are regularly absent from school.
- The gases present in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Abundant —— Scarce: Dồi dào - Ít ỏi
- Fish are abundant in the lake.
- Food was often scarce in the winter.
Accept —— Decline: Chấp nhận - Từ chối
- Rick accepted her offer of coffee.
- His school reports said that he never declines a challenge.
Accept —— Refuse: Chấp nhận - Từ chối
- He accepted the invitation to stay with us.
- The chairman refused to answer any more questions.
Accurate —— Inaccurate: Chính xác - Không chính xác
- The brochure tries to give a fair and accurate description of each hotel.
- A lot of what has been written about him is inaccurate.
Achieve —— Fail: Đạt được - Thất bại
- He had finally achieved success.
- She failed to get into art college.
Add —— Subtract: Thêm - Trừ, khử
- If you add all these amounts together you get a huge figure.
- If you subtract 6 from 9, you get 3.
Adjacent —— Distant: Liền kề - Xa xôi
- We stayed in adjacent rooms.
- Stars are distant from our galaxy.
Admire —— Detest: Ngưỡng mộ - Gớm ghét
- I really admire your enthusiasm.
- The two men detested each other.
Admit —— Deny
- A quarter of all workers admit to taking time off when they are not ill.
- The department denies responsibility for what occurred.
Admit —— Reject
- She admits to being strict with her children.
- The prime minister rejected any idea of reforming the system.
Adore —— Hate
- She adores working with children.
- I hate to see you unhappy.
Advance —— Retreat
- The troops were finally given the order to advance.
- The army was forced to retreat after suffering heavy losses.
Advantage —— Disadvantage
- Her experience meant that she had a big advantage over her opponent.
- The disadvantage of the material is that it fades in strong sunlight.
Against —— For
- Mr. Howard has declared that he is against all forms of racism.
- Everybody is always for peace.
Agree —— Disagree
- If she felt he was right, she would agree with him.
- He is tolerant of those who disagree with him.
Alive —— Dead
- It was a bad accident – they’re lucky to be alive.
- Two men were shot dead by terrorists.
All —— None
- Have you done all your homework?
- We saw several houses but none we really liked.
Allow —— Forbid
- My parents wouldn’t allow me to go to the party.
- He was forbidden to leave the house, as a punishment.
Ally —— Enemy
- Ridley was one of the Queen’s closest allies.
- He was accused of collaboration with the enemy.
Alone —— Together
- She lives alone.
- We’ve very much enjoyed working together.
Always —— Never
- I’ve always wanted to go to Paris.
- He’s never been to Australia.
Amateur —— Professional
- Mickelson won his first major golf tournament while still an amateur.
- You need a professional to sort out your finances.
Amuse —— Bore
- He made funny faces to amuse the children.
- His blue eyes seemed to bore into her.
Ancient —— Modern
- So according to history it has been found from the most ancient times, and so it is to our own day.
- They are the youngest children in modern times to face murder charges.
Annoy —— Soothe
- She annoyed him with her stupid questions.
- She made a cup of tea to soothe her nerves.
Answer —— Question
Opposite words examples:
- The short answer is that it can’t be done.
- They asked me quite a lot of difficult questions about my job.
Apparent —— Obscure
- The difference in quality was immediately apparent.
- I found her lecture very obscure.
Arrive —— Leave
- He arrived late as usual.
- My baby gets upset when I leave the room.
Arrive —— Depart
- What time does the plane arrive in New York?
- Flights by Air Europe depart Gatwick on Tuesdays.
Arrogant —— Humble
- He was unbearably arrogant.
- Taylor’s students describe him as a humble and modest man.
Ascend —— Descend
- The plane ascended rapidly.
- Our plane started to descend.
Ask —— Answer
- We’ll have to ask someone the way to the station.
- I repeated the question, but she didn’t answer.
Ask —— Tell
- I asked him where he lived.
- Jack had to go, but he didn’t tell me why.
Attack —— Defend
- There have been several attacks on foreigners recently.
- We need to defend against military aggression.
Attractive —— Repulsive
- She is an attractive woman.
- What a repulsive man!
Awake —— Asleep
- She was still only half awake when I brought her a cup of coffee.
- Kelly was asleep on the sofa.
Awkward —— Graceful
- She may appear stiff and perhaps awkward.
- Her father was a quiet man with graceful manners.
Back —— Front
- I found some old photos at the back of the drawer.
- There’s a garden at the front of the house.
Bad —— Good
- I have some bad news for you.
- The train service is not very good.
Bare —— Covered
- The room was completely bare except for a bed against the wall.
- The walls were covered with pictures.
Beautiful —— Ugly
- The bride looked beautiful in that dress.
- He was short, nearsighted, ugly and exceptionally awkward.
Before —— After
- I saw her a few days before she died.
- I go swimming every day after work.
Begin —— End
- In the third year, students begin the study of classical Chinese.
- The speaker ended by suggesting some topics for discussion.
Beginning —— Conclusion
- There’s a short poem at the beginning of every chapter.
- At the conclusion of the meeting, little progress had been made.
Behind —— In front of
- I turned to speak to the person standing behind me.
- She spends all day sitting in front of her computer.
Best —— Worst
- He won the best actor award.
- This is the worst recession for fifty years.
Better —— Worse
- There must be a better way to do this.
- The violence was worse than we expected.
Big —— Little
- They belong to the rich man who lives in the big white house there among the trees.
- He was quite an old little man and his head was long and entirely bald.
Birth —— Death
- What’s your date of birth?
- Cancer is the leading cause of death in women.
Bitter —— Sweet
- Black coffee leaves a bitter taste in the mouth.
- This tea is too sweet.
Black —— White
- Matthew had thick black hair, but Natalie’s was blonde.
- His face is white, and he seems very weak.
Blame —— Praise
- Marie still blames herself for Patrick’s death.
- The mayor praised the rescue teams for their courage.
Bless —— Curse
- God bless you!
- Elsa cursed herself for believing his lies.
Blunt —— Sharp
- Sharpen all your blunt knives.
- Make sure you use a good sharp knife.
Body —— Soul
- Your body temperature is higher in the daytime than at night.
- There was a feeling of restlessness deep in her soul.
Bold —— Timid
- My aunt was a bold determined woman.
- I was a timid child.
Boring —— Interesting
- I trudged through a boring day, knowing I’d return to an empty apartment as Betsy was off to Los Angeles for the entire week.
- Dr. Bell told me many interesting things about his work.
Bottom —— Top
- I waited for them at the bottom of the hill.
- She was standing at the top of the stairs.
Boundless —— Limited
- Today, the opportunities for leaders are boundless, but so are the challenges.
- My knowledge of the business is limited.
Boy —— Girl
- The boys wanted to play football.
- I’ve known Mollie ever since I was a little girl.
Brave —— Cowardly
- It was brave of you to speak in front of all those people.
- He was very cowardly because he did not tell that truth.
Break —— Repair
- I had to break a window to get into the house.
- It was too late to repair the damage done to their relationship.
Brief —— Long
- We stopped by Alice’s house for a brief visit.
- He’s been gone a long time.
Bright —— Dull
- The weather was bright and sunny.
- Outside the weather was hazy and dull.
Brighten —— Fade
- The morning sunshine brightened up the room.
- The sun had faded the curtains.
Bring —— Remove
- Robert asked the waiter to bring him the check.
- Reference books may not be removed from the library.
Brother —— Sister
- My younger brother is a doctor.
- My older sister is a nurse.
Busy —— Idle
- Mr. Haynes is busy with a customer at the moment.
- The workers have been idle for the last six months.
Buy —— Sell
- The money will be used to buy equipment for the school.
- If you offer him another hundred, I think he’ll sell.
Calm —— Windy
- It is a calm day.
- It’s too windy for a picnic.
Capable —— Incapable
- All the staff at the nursing home seemed very capable.
- He seemed incapable of understanding how she felt.
Captive —— Free
- His son had been taken captive during the raid.
- He knew he could be free in as little as three years.
Capture —— Release
- The robbery was captured on police video cameras.
- Police arrested several men, who were later released.
Careful —— Careless
- He was being very careful with the coffee so as not to spill it.
- He’s careless with his glasses and has lost three pairs.
Cautious —— Careless
- Keller is cautious about making predictions for the success of the program.
- It was careless of him to leave the door unlocked.
Center —— Edge
- His goal is to turn Stanford into a center for environmental policy.
- Billy sat on the edge of the bed.
Change —— Remain
- Susan has changed a lot since I last saw her.
- Despite the job losses, Parker remained as manager.
Cheap —— Expensive
- Property is cheaper in Spain than here.
- Petrol is becoming more and more expensive.
Cheerful —— Sad
- She’s feeling more cheerful today.
- I was sad about the friends I was leaving behind.
Child —— Adult
- I was very happy as a child.
- Some children find it difficult to talk to adults.
Chilly —— Warm
- Despite the chilly autumn afternoon, she was wearing a thin cotton dress.
- I hope we get some warm weather soon.
Clean —— Dirty
- As usual, she left her room clean and tidy before going to school.
- She circled the bedroom, picking up dirty clothes.
Clever —— Stupid
- Lucy is quite clever and does well at school.
- That was a stupid thing to say.
Clever —— Foolish
- She is a clever girl.
- I was young and foolish at the time.
Close —— Open
- Would you mind if I closed the window?
- Mr. Chen opened the car door for his wife.
Cold —— Hot
- Let’s get in out of this cold wind.
- In dry gourds, they were served a hot tea made from the ground leaves of something Bordeaux called the lip fern.
Combine —— Separate
- A number of factors have combined to create this difficult situation.
- Those suffering from infectious diseases were separated from the other patients.
Comfort —— Discomfort
- All our sports shoes are designed for comfort and performance.
- There can be no question of her discomfort.
Complete —— Incomplete
- Work on the new building is nearly complete.
- Unfortunately, I do not have the information because our records are incomplete.
Complex —— Simple
- It was a very complex relationship between two complex people.
- I’m sure there’s a perfectly simple explanation.
Compliment —— Insult
- Being compared to Abba is a great compliment.
- His comments were seen as an insult to the president.
Conceal —— Reveal
- She tried to conceal the fact that she was pregnant.
- He may be prosecuted for revealing secrets about the security agency.
Continue —— Interrupt
- Sheila continued to work after she had her baby.
- My studies were interrupted by the war.
Cool —— Warm
- The evening air was cool.
- I hope we get some warm weather soon.
Copy —— Original
- We have six copies of the movie to give away.
- He copied paintings of famous artists and passed them off as originals.
Correct —— Incorrect
- If my calculations are correct, we’re about ten miles from Exeter.
- The information you gave us was incorrect.
Correct —— Wrong
- You are correct, the Missouri is the longest river in the US.
- Your calculations must be wrong.
Countryman —— Foreigner
- He didn’t look like a farmer, yet he looked a countryman.
- Tom felt that people were suspicious of him because he was a foreigner.
Courage —— Cowardice
- Sue showed great courage throughout her illness.
- She was ashamed of her cowardice.
Crazy —— Sane
- The neighbors must think we’re crazy.
- Of course he isn’t mad. He’s as sane as you or I.
Create —— Destroy
- The new factory is expected to create more than 400 new jobs.
- The scandal destroyed Simmons and ended his political career.
Cruel —— Kind
- The prisoner was a hard cruel man.
- She’s a very kind and generous person.
Customer —— Supplier
- We aim to offer good value and service to all our customers.
- You will need to be able to deal with both customers and suppliers.
Damage —— Improve
- Smoking can severely damage your health.
- The doctors say she is improving.
Dark —— Bright
- At the kitchen door she nearly ran into a dark form.
- With his small frame and bright eyes, he’d always reminded her of an elf of some sort.
Dark —— Light
- The church was dark and quiet.
- The kitchen was light and spacious.
Dawn —— Sunset
- It had been the hope which had kept her going through the dawn and early morning.
- Lovers walked hand in hand towards the sunset.
Daytime —— Midnight
- I can’t sleep in the daytime.
- We stayed there until way after midnight.
Deep —— Shallow
- The castle is on an island surrounded by a deep lake.
- The lake is quite shallow.
Demand —— Supply
- I demand to know what’s going on.
- An informer supplied the police with the names of those involved in the crime.
Despair —— Hope
- She killed herself in despair.
- When I first arrived in New York, I was full of hope for the future.
Difficult —— Easy
- The exam was very difficult.
- Finishing the task will be easy.
Dim —— Bright
- Isaac was old and his eyes were dim.
- Her eyes were hurting from the bright lights.
Discourage —— Encourage
- My father is a lawyer, and he discouraged me from entering the field.
- I want to thank everyone who has encouraged and supported me.
Doctor —— Patient
- She was treated by her local doctor.
- St Dominic’s Hospital treats about 10,000 patients a year.
Doubt —— Trust
- The incident raises doubts about the safety of nuclear power.
- You shouldn’t put your trust in a man like that.
Downwards —— Upwards
- Share prices continued their downward trend.
- Stroke the cream onto your skin in an upward direction.
Drunk —— Sober
- David would get drunk and I would have to take him home and put him to bed.
- He’s a nice guy when he’s sober.
Dry —— Wet
- The air was dry and hot, as if she were in a sauna.
- Deidre whipped the door open, ignoring the sting of her wet hair against her shoulders.
Dusk —— Dawn
- The street lights go on at dusk.
- The boats set off at dawn.
Early —— Late
- The bus was ten minutes early.
- You’re half an hour late.
Earth —— Sky
- They watched the kite fall back to earth.
- There wasn’t a cloud in the sky.
East —— West
- He turned and walked away towards the east.
- A damp wind blew from the west.
Easy —— Hard
- The test was easy.
- You’ll have to make some hard decisions.
Effective —— Ineffective
- Training is often much less effective than expected.
- The chemical was almost totally ineffective in killing the weeds.
Elementary —— Advanced
- You’ve made a very elementary mistake.
- She is learning advanced physics.
Employer —— Employee
- They’re very good employers.
- The firm has over 500 employees.
Empty —— Full
- The fuel tank’s almost empty.
- The kitchen was full of smoke.
Enter —— Exit
- Silence fell as I entered the room.
- I exited through a side window.
Evening —— Morning
- I do most of my studying in the evening.
- I’m not feeling very well this morning.
Evil —— Good
- There is too much evil in the world.
- I learn to see life as a titanic moral struggle between good and evil.
Excited —— Bored
- I’m so excited that we’re going to New York.
- After a while, I got bored and left.
Exhale —— Inhale
- He sat back and exhaled deeply.
- She closed her eyes and inhaled deeply.
Expand —— Contract
- The last were razed in 1890, and the town was permitted to expand in this direction.
- All leeches are very extensile and can contract the body to a plump, pearshaped form, or extend it to a long and wormlike shape.
Expand —— Shrink
- The hotel wants to expand its business by adding a swimming pool.
- The firm’s staff had shrunk to only four people.
Export —— Import
- Italian food has been exported all over the world.
- We import coffee from Colombia.
Exterior —— Interior
- The dome is tiled on the exterior.
- The interior of the church was dark.
External —— Internal
- An external auditor will verify the accounts.
- Some photos contain internal evidence that may help to date them.
Fact —— Fiction
- Much of the novel is based on fact.
- Anthony’s first books were historical fiction.
Fake —— Real
- The defense said the photos were fake.
- She had never seen a real live elephant before.
Fall —— Rise
- The rate of inflation was falling.
- Sales rose by 20% over the Christmas period.
Famous —— Unknown
- Many famous people have stayed in the hotel.
- An unknown number of people were killed.
Fashionable —— Old Fashioned
- He looked to be about her age and his blond hair was neatly combed into a fashionable style.
- Many houses, especially in State, Danforth and Congress streets, are simple in style and oldfashioned in architecture.
Fast —— Slow
- I’m a fast learner.
- The wound was slow to heal.
Fat —— Thin
- You’ll get fat if you eat all that chocolate.
- He was tall and thin, with short brown hair.
Fat —— Skinny
- He looks much fatter than in his photo.
- Some supermodels are far too skinny.
Feeble —— Strong
- She was too feeble to leave her room.
- Laura had a strong character.
Few —— Many
- The team that makes the fewest mistakes usually wins.
- Many people have to use a car to travel to work.
Find —— Lose
- “Yes. I couldn’t find a better friend than Alex, could I?” she said.
- I didn’t want to lose you, but I didn’t want you to be unhappy like mother either.
Firm —— Flabby
- The sofa cushions are fairly firm.
- It was that of a young man, tall but somewhat flabby muscled.
First —— Last
- The first time I flew on a plane I was really nervous.
- I hadn’t seen him since the last meeting.
Float —— Sink
- I wasn’t sure if the raft would float.
- Their motorboat struck a rock and began to sink.
Floor —— Ceiling
- We are located on the seventh floor of the building.
- The house has two rooms with high ceilings.
Foolish —— Wise
- It would be foolish to ignore his advice.
- I think you were wise to leave when you did.
Forget —— Remember
- What happened that day will never be forgotten.
- I remember meeting her at a party once.
Forgivable —— Unforgivable
- It was an easily forgivable mistake.
- Patrick had deceived her, and that was unforgivable.
Forgive —— Blame
- I’ve tried to forgive him for what he said.
- The report blames poor safety standards for the accident.
Fortunate —— Unfortunate
- I’ve been fortunate to find a career that I love.
- He has an unfortunate habit of repeating himself.
Forward —— Backward
- He leaned forward, his elbows resting on the table.
- She went without a backward glance.
Free —— Restricted
- The animals are allowed to run free in the park.
- It’s difficult trying to work in such a restricted space.
Freeze —— Boil
- The water pipes have frozen.
- We were advised to boil the water before drinking it.
Fresh —— Stale
- The beans are fresh from the garden.
- French bread goes stale very quickly.
Friend —— Enemy
- Don’t worry, you’re among friends.
- Cats and dogs have always been natural enemies.
Frown —— Smile
- She frowned as she read the letter.
- Mark read the message and smiled to himself.
Funny —— Sad
- Do you remember any funny stories about work?
- Dad looked sad and worried as he read the letter.
Generous —— Stingy
- She’s always very generous to the kids.
- She’s too stingy to give money to charity.
Gentle —— Rough
- Arthur was a very gentle, caring person.
- Rugby is a very rough sport.
Giant —— Tiny
- Giant cabbages grew in the garden.
- You only need to use a tiny amount of salt.
Give —— Receive
- I’ve got some old diaries that my grandmother gave me years ago.
- All the children will receive a small gift.
Grow —— Shrink
- Sales of new cars grew by 10% last year.
- We want to expand the business, not shrink it.
Guilty —— Innocent
- I feel really guilty about forgetting her birthday again.
- Nobody would believe that I was innocent.
Harmful —— Harmless
- Scientists tend to agree that most diets don’t work and can be harmful.
- Her brother’s a bit simple, but he’s quite harmless.
Harsh —— Mild
- The Canadian winter is very harsh.
- We had an exceptionally mild winter last year.
He —— She
- It was he who first suggested the idea.
- I saw you talking to that girl. Who is she?
Healthy —— Sick
- I’ve always been perfectly healthy until now.
- Maria can’t come in today because she’s sick.
Heaven —— Hell
- He believed that he and his wife would one day be together again in heaven.
- She must have gone through hell every day, the way we teased her about her weight.
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