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Trong bài viết này bạn sẽ tìm thấy từ vựng về chủ đề Information Technology. Những từ vựng về công nghệ thông tin này sẽ giúp bạn viết về chủ đề hoặc nói về nó trong bài kiểm tra IELTS của mình.

Bảng từ vựng của chúng mình sẽ có dạng như sau:

Word Definition
An example sentence

I. Information Technology Vocabulary

Access The right to use or look at something
Everybody should have access to the internet.
Advanced Modern and well developed

Technological advances have brought many benefits to the world.

Japan has very advanced technology (not 'high' technology!).

Automation To make a process in a factory or office operate by machines or computers, in order to reduce the amount of work done by humans and the time taken to do the work

The automation of production processes has led to increased unemployment.

Many production processes these days are automated.

Connection When something joins or is joined to something else, or the part or process that makes this possible

Most people are connected to the internet these days.

Having a connection to the internet is important.

I often have problems connecting to the internet.

Communication The act of communicating with people

Email has made communication, especially abroad, much simpler and faster.

Communicating with people by email is very easy.

Device An object or machine which has been invented for a particular purpose
It is important to have some kind of communication device such as a mobile telephone or the internet.
Innovation A new idea or method

Smartphones are the latest innovation in computer technology.

Steve Jobs was a great innovator.

Invention Something which has never been made before, or the process of creating something which has never been made before

The world changed rapidly after the invention of the telephone.

Many useful devices have been invented over the last few decades.

Machine A piece of equipment with several moving parts which uses power to do a particular type of work

Factories now make use of machines to do a lot of the work humans used to do.

Machinery does most of the work in factories.

Up-to-date Modern, recent, or containing the latest information
Teenagers think it is important to have the most up-to-date technology.
User-friendly If something, especially something related to a computer, is user-friendly, it is simple for people to use
Modern mobile phones such as the i-phone are very user-friendly.

II. Model IELTS Essays - Information technology (IT)

IELTS Essays - Model Answer

The last two decades have seen enormous changes in the way people's lives are affected by IT, with many advances in this field. However, while these technological advances have brought many benefits to the world, I strongly believe that these developments in IT will result in more negative impacts than positive.

On the positive side, email has made communication, especially abroad, much simpler and faster. This has resulted in numerous benefits for commerce and business as there is no need to wait weeks for letters or take time sending faxes, which was the case in the past. Furthermore, the World Wide Web means that information on every conceivable subject is now available to us. For example, people can access news, medical advice, online education courses and much more via the internet. These developments have made life far easier and more convenient for many.

Nevertheless, the effects of this new technology have not all been beneficial. For example, many people feel that the widespread use of email is destroying traditional forms of communication such as letter writing, telephone and face-to-face conversation. This could result in a decline in people's basic ability to socialize and interact with each other on a day-to-day basis.

In addition, the large size of the Web has meant that it is nearly impossible to regulate and control. This has led to many concerns regarding children accessing unsuitable websites and the spread of computer viruses. Unfortunately, this kind of problem might even get worse in the future at least until more regulated systems are set up.

In conclusion, developments in IT have brought many benefits, yet I believe that these are outweighed by the drawbacks. In the future these will need to be addressed if we are to avoid damaging impacts on individuals and society.

(290 Words)

III. Comment

Đoạn giới thiệu của bài luận cho IELTS Writing Task 2 này nói chung về việc sử dụng Công nghệ thông tin ngày càng tăng, do đó giới thiệu tốt chủ đề. Luận điểm sau đó nêu rõ ý kiến người viết.

Đoạn văn sau đề cập đến lợi ích hiện tại của những phát triển này, nhưng câu mở đầu trong đoạn thứ ba là một tuyên bố đủ điều kiện (Nevertheless, not all the effects...), vì vậy người viết hiện có thể tập trung vào các yếu tố tiêu cực trong đoạn sau đó.

Đoạn thứ tư cung cấp hai ví dụ tiêu cực khác, (lack of regulation, viruses) Cả hai đoạn đều cho rằng những vấn đề này sẽ tiếp tục trong tương lai.

Bài tiểu luận kết luận với một ý kiến rõ ràng đồng ý với tuyên bố của câu hỏi ban đầu.

Nhìn chung, nó là một văn bản cân bằng, đề cập đến tình hình hiện tại của chủ đề được hỏi tới. (...this has made life...) và quan trọng hơn cũng đề cập tới tương lai của công nghệ thông tin sau này. (...likely to increase..., might get worse...).

Mong rằng bài viết này có thể bạn hiểu rõ hơn về chủ đề Công nghệ thông tin và có thể chuẩn bị tốt cho bài kiểm tra IELTS Writing của mình.

Chúc các bạn học tập vui vẻ!

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