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Trong bài viết này bạn sẽ tìm thấy từ vựng về chủ đề Diet, Fitness, and Health. Những từ vựng về sức khỏe này sẽ giúp bạn viết về chủ đề hoặc nói về nó trong bài kiểm tra IELTS của mình.

Bảng từ vựng của chúng mình sẽ có dạng như sau:

Word Definition
An example sentence

I. Diet, Fitness, and Health Vocabulary

Overweight Fat
70% of the population is now overweight according to official figures.
Obesity Extrememly fat or overweight.

Obesity is now a real problem for teenagers.

Teenagers who are obese are often bullied at school.

Eating Disorder A mental illness in which people eat far too little or far too much food and are unhappy with their bodies.
Bulimia and anorexia are types of eating disorder. Both are becoming more common.
Nutrients Any substance which plants or animals need in order to live and grow.

A healthy diet should consist of all the essential nutrients.

This meal is very nutritious.


The food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group.


When someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner or for medical reasons.

It is important to have a healthy diet. People must eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.

I've been on a diet now for four weeks, and I've lost about one kilo.

Overeating Eating more than your body needs.
There is evidence that overeating is one of the main causes of obesity..
Ingredients A food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish.
The ingredients of the dish include nuts, raisins, and parsley.
Allergy A condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances.

Allergies are becoming more common, and this could be connected to diet.

If I eat nuts, I have an allergic reaction. I cannot breath properly.

Additive A substance which is added to food in order to improve its taste or appearance or to preserve it.
This food is full of additives so I'm not going to eat it.
Prevent To stop something from happening.

Lots of exercise will prevent a heart attack.

The prevention of health problems should be encouraged by the government. For example, they could ban the advertising of fast food to children.

Variety Often changing and being different.
When preparing meals, you need to think about variety and taste as well as nutritional value.
Appetite When you want to eat food.
All that exercise has given me an appetite.
Fibre A substance in foods such as fruit, vegetables and brown bread, which travels through the body as waste and helps the contents of the bowels to pass through the body easily.
A diet that is high in fibre is important in order to maintain a healthy body.
Regular Happening or doing something often.
Regular physical exercise is important for good health
Vitamins Any of a group of natural substances which are necessary in small amounts for the growth and good health of the body.
Many people take vitamin supplements these days in order to keep their body healthy.
Diabetes A disease in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood.
Diabetes is becoming much more prevalent ( = common or widespread) amongst children.
Health The condition of the body and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well.

Fruit has several health benefits.

Elderly people can have many health problems.

The health care in the country is deteriorating ( = getting worse).

There may be health risks from eating too much red meat.

Health education is very important if we are to prevent illness and reduce medical costs.

Sweden has one of the best health systems in the world.

The population of the country is in good health.

Lack of exercise can lead to poor health.

He has a very healthy diet.

I have a healthy appetite.

II. Model IELTS Essays - Diet and Health

IELTS Essays - Model Answer

An increasing concern for many governments around the world is the declining health of their citizens due to a poor diet. While some people believe governments should be responsible for improving the health of their nation, others believe it is up to the individual. This essay will examine both sides of the argument.

There is no doubt that individuals must take some responsibility for their diet and health. The argument to support this is the fact that adults have free will and make their own choices about what they eat and the exercise that they do. Children are also becoming less healthy. However, their parents are the ones who provide their evening meals so it is their responsibility to ensure these meals are nutritious and encourage them to avoid junk food and sugary snacks during the day.

Despite these arguments, there is also a case for advocating the intervention of the state. People these days often have little choice but to depend on fast food or ready meals that are high in sugar, salt and fat due to the pressures of work. Governments could regulate the ingredients of such food. Some governments also spend huge amounts of tax money on treating health problems of their citizens in hospitals. It would be logical to spend this on preventative measures such as campaigns to encourage exercise and a good diet.

Having considered both sides of the issue, I would argue that although individuals must take ultimate responsibility for what they eat, governments also have a role to play as only they can regulate the food supply, which openly encourages a poor diet. It is only through this combination that we can improve people’s health.

(282 Words)

III. Comment

Bài essay về chế độ ăn uống và sức khỏe này có một số điểm tốt và điều này sẽ giúp nó sẽ đạt điểm cao trong bài kiểm tra IELTS.

Phần giới thiệu rõ ràng giới thiệu chủ đề và đặt ra cả hai mặt của vấn đề. Sau đó, có một tuyên bố rõ ràng để giải thích những gì bài essay sẽ làm:

  • This essay will examine both sides of the argument.

Sự gắn kết và mạch lạc được thể hiện rõ từ các câu chủ đề làm cho chủ đề của mỗi đoạn rất rõ ràng:

  • There is no doubt that individuals must take some responsibility for their diet and health.
  • Despite these arguments, there is also a case for advocating the intervention of the state.

Các cụm từ và từ chuyển tiếp cũng định hướng người đọc rất tốt trong bài essay này. Ví dụ:

  • The argument to support this is...

  • Children are also becoming less healthy.

  • However, their parents...

  • Despite these arguments, there is also...

  • Some governments also spend...

  • Having considered both sides of the issue,

Kết luận tóm tắt ý kiến ​​người viết rất rõ ràng. Điều quan trọng là luôn làm rõ ý kiến ​​của bạn là gì nếu đó là một bài luận về ý kiến ​​(bạn cũng có thể đưa ý kiến ​​của mình vào phần giới thiệu nếu bạn muốn).

Ngữ pháp và từ vựng là phù hợp, với sự kết hợp của các câu phức tạp và từ vựng liên quan đến chủ đề.

Nội dung của bài luận cũng phù hợp. Nó giải quyết rõ ràng cả hai ý kiến ​​và cung cấp một số điểm để hỗ trợ mỗi ý kiến. Các ý tưởng được giải thích rõ ràng và sẽ không gây ra bất kỳ sự hiểu lầm nào cho ai đó đang đọc bài luận này.

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