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Trong bài viết này bạn sẽ tìm thấy từ vựng về chủ đề tội phạm (Crime). Những từ vựng về tội phạm này sẽ giúp bạn viết về chủ đề hoặc nói về nó trong bài kiểm tra IELTS của mình.

Bảng từ vựng của chúng mình sẽ có dạng như sau:

Word Definition
An example sentence

I. Crime Vocabulary

Legislation A law or set of laws suggested by a government and made official by a parliament.
There needs to be changed to crime-related legislation.
Deter To make someone less enthusiastic about doing something by threatening bad results if they do it.

Tougher prison sentences may be a deterrent to other would-be offenders.

Punish To cause someone who has done something wrong or committed a crime to suffer, by hurting them, forcing them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc
Those responsible for serious crimes must be punished.
Prevention When you stop something from happening or stop someone from doing something.
The government should focus on the prevention of crime rather than introducing harsher prison sentences.
Commit To do something illegal or something that is considered wrong.
People who commit serious crimes should be given lengthy (long) prison sentences.
Criminal A person who commits a crime.
Criminals who commit violent crimes should not be given probation.
Probation A period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison.
Probation is a good way to reduce prison overcrowding, but it must only be used for those who have committed minor crimes.
Rehabilitate To return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living.
It is important to rehabilitate criminals while they are in prison otherwise they may re-offend (commit a crime again) when they are released from prison.
Guilt Having done something wrong or committed a crime.
If jurors (the members of a jury) find a defendant guilty, then that person must be punished.
Jury A group of people chosen to decide in a court of law if someone is guilty of a crime or not.
To ensure fairness in a criminal trial, there must be a jury.
Convict To decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime.
He has been convicted of arson (starting a fire intentionally to damage something) two times now.
Fine Being made to pay money for breaking the law.
Motorists should be given a fine if they are caught speeding.
Imprisonment Being put in prison.
Murderers are usually given life imprisonment.
Community Service Work that people do to help other people without payment, and which young criminals whose crime was not serious enough for them to be put in prison are sometimes ordered to do.
Community service is a good alternative to prison for minor offenses.
Justice Fairness in the way people are dealt with.
Those who commit assaults must be imprisoned because the victims want justice.
Victim Someone who has suffered because of the actions of someone else.
The victims of crime often need help and support to recover from their bad experience.
Offender Someone who is guilty of a crime.
Prison should not be used for first-time offenders.

II. Model IELTS Essays - Reducing Crime

IELTS Essays - Model Answer

Crime is a serious and growing problem in most societies. Although many people believe that the best way to tackle this is to place people in prison for longer periods, others are of the opinion that other measures will be more effective.

There are benefits of giving offenders longer prison sentences. Firstly, spending a long time in prison provides an opportunity for the prison services to rehabilitate a prisoner. For example, someone who has committed a serious offense such as assault will need a long time in prison in order to be sure they can be re-educated not to re-offend. In addition to this, longer prison sentences will act as a deterrent for someone who is thinking of committing a crime.

However, some people argue that leaving people in prison for a long time means that they will mix with other criminals and so their character will not improve. One alternative is community service. This gives an offender the opportunity to give something positive back to society, and so it may improve their character. Also, the government could focus its resources on the causes of crime, which would lead to less crime in the future.

In my opinion, it is important to look at alternative methods. Many countries have lengthy prison sentences, but crime has continued to increase throughout the world, so it is clear that this is not completely effective. That said, long prison sentences should remain for those who commit serious crimes such as assault or murder, as justice for the victim and their family should take priority.

To conclude, there are good arguments for and against long sentences, so governments must continue to research the various methods of crime reduction to ensure effective policies are in place.

(290 words)

III. Comment

Tác giả của bài tiểu luận này đã tạo ra một bài tiểu luận cân bằng và khá mạch lạc.

Bài viết trả lời câu hỏi rất rõ ràng. Đoạn thân thứ nhất được dành riêng để thảo luận về giá trị của các hình phạt dài hạn và phần thứ hai xem xét các phương pháp thay thế. Cuối cùng, người viết cung cấp ý kiến ​​riêng của họ về vấn đề này.

Rất quan trọng đối với các bài essay IELTS là mỗi đoạn có một chủ đề trung tâm rõ ràng được mở rộng trong các câu hỗ trợ.

Về ngữ pháp, người viết đã thể hiện thành công khả năng sử dụng hỗn hợp các cấu trúc câu, bao gồm nhiều câu phức tạp (although... someone who... in order to... means that... which would...).

Các ý tưởng được trình bày mạch lạc bằng cách sử dụng các từ chuyển tiếp (Firstly,... For example,... In addition to this,... However, .... In my opinion,... To conclude,...)

Điều quan trọng trong các bài luận IELTS là phải có vốn từ vựng liên quan đến chủ đề tốt để đạt được điểm cao hơn, và điều này thể hiện rõ trong bài viết này. (re-offend... rehabilitate... re-educated... deterrent... committing a crime...)

Ngoài ra, điều quan trọng liên quan đến từ vựng là thay đổi lựa chọn từ của bạn và không lặp lại cùng một từ. Điều này có thể được thực hiện bằng cách sử dụng các từ đồng nghĩa, như người viết đã thực hiện với từ thay thế "way" (methods... measures...)

Chúc các bạn học tập vui vẻ!

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